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Africa  

Elizabeth Schmidt

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jan 2013
This chapter examines the impact of the Cold War on Africa. It explains that while Africa is the least-known Cold War battleground, the United States, the Soviet Union, China, and Cuba ... More

Africa  

David B. Mattingly and Kevin MacDonald

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This article examines early urban societies in Africa. It emphasizes three key issues: the strikingly wide geographical range and structural variety of urban forms; the apparent dichotomy ... More

Africa and The Global Lives of Things  

Jeremy Prestholdt

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Inquiries into commodification, social distinction, and fashion have offered fresh perspectives on social relations and cultural formations in Africa. Imported consumer goods were both ... More

Africa in the Atlantic World, C.1760 – C. 1840  

Robin Law

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The transatlantic slave trade peaked in the third quarter of the eighteenth century, when more than 80,000 slaves annually were being shipped from Africa for the Americas. This ... More

Africa in World History: The Long, Long View  

Christopher Ehret

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the origins of Africa; the ‘First Great Transition’ of human history from foraging to food production; the era of agricultural elaboration; the ‘Second Great ... More

Africa: 1000–2010  

Bill Freund

Print publication date:
Feb 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
Africa is the continent least associated with cities and it is the least urbanized today. The maps of early modern Europe reflect this bias, with elephants and other beasts featured in ... More

African Colonial States  

Heather J. Sharkey

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter sketches a history of European colonial states in Africa, north and south of the Sahara, during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It explains when and why colonial ... More

The African Diaspora  

John Parker

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
In recent decades, research on the African diaspora has increasingly expanded from its established focus on the northern Atlantic to Latin America, the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean ... More

African Literary Histories and History in African Literatures  

Stephanie Newell

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter offers a series of approaches to, and questions about, the different types of historical engagement to be found in African literatures. History, in African literatures, is not ... More

African Slave Trades in Global Perspective  

Pier Larson

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Slave trading is a salient theme in African history and in the continent’s global connections between the eleventh and nineteenth centuries. This chapter focuses on the economic dimensions ... More

Africans, Early European Contacts, and the Emergent Diaspora  

David Northrup

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Although Atlantic Africa was the last of the continent's shores to establish regular overseas connections, many aspects of its interactions mirrored those of East and North Africa. Ghana's ... More

After Gaddafi: Libya’s Path to Collapse  

Frederic Wehrey

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The course of the 2011 Libyan revolution, international intervention, and the regime’s application of armed force created new forms of sub-state affiliation and mobilization. International ... More

Anti-Colonial Nationalism and Patriotism in Sub-Saharan Africa  

John M. Lonsdale

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
May 2013
Following on from the argument of the joint introduction to African nationalism, this chapter emphasizes Africa’s place in a global history of nationalism by emphasizing what seems to be a ... More

The Arab Uprisings of 2011 in Historical Perspective  

John Chalcraft

Online publication date:
Jan 2016
This chapter aims to place the Arab uprisings of 2011 in historical perspective, addressing questions of change and continuity by comparing and contrasting these uprisings with previous ... More

Arab Youth: Disruptive Generation of the Twenty-first Century?  

Linda Herrera and Abdelrahman Mansour

Online publication date:
Nov 2015
This chapter examines Arab youth from within the historic backdrop of the Arab uprisings that engulfed more than half of the Arab states. Millions of people, the overwhelming majority of ... More

Between the Present and History: African Nationalism and Decolonization  

Jean Allman

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
It is now a half-century since most countries on the African continent saw the end of colonial rule. The first sustained scholarly attention to decolonization was authored largely by ... More

Biology and African Slavery  

Kenneth F. Kiple

Print publication date:
Jul 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews scholarship on the biology of African slaves. Mother Africa ensured that her sons and daughters could tolerate a disease environment sufficiently harsh that it served ... More

Case Study: Memory Work with Children Affected by HIV/AIDS in South Africa  

Philippe Denis

Print publication date:
Nov 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on working with children affected by HIV/AIDS in South Arica. In the early years of the AIDS epidemic, relief organizations focused their efforts on the material needs ... More

Chieftaincy  

Justin Willis

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Across Africa, the term chief has been—and still is—used to describe individuals whose status and influence is extremely diverse; no single analytical model can explain the multiple ... More

Christianity  

David Maxwell

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
The chapter examines conversion to Christianity, one of the most significant social and cultural transformations in twentieth-century Africa. The focus is upon the role of Christianity in ... More

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