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After the Fear was Over? What Came After Dictatorships in Spain, Greece, and Portugal  

Helen Graham and Alejandro Quiroga

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
What Spain, Greece, and Portugal have in common in the twentieth century is the manner in which their internal processes of change – rural to urban, agrarian to industrial – were ... More

Brothers, Strangers and Enemies: Ethno-Nationalism and the Demise of Communist Yugoslavia  

Cathie Carmichael

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the forty-five years after World War II that Communist Yugoslavia existed, judgements as to the success of the experiment differed widely. Unlike the first royalist Yugoslav state, ... More

A Continent Bristling With Arms: Continuity and Change In Western European Security Policies After the Second World War  

Leopoldo Nuti

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Since the end of World War II, Europe has known an unprecedented period of peace that has profoundly altered the political landscape of the continent. Yet at the same time, for much of the ... More

East, West, and the Return of ‘Central’: Borders Drawn and Redrawn  

Catherine Lee and Robert Bideleux

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Western Europe has not only met but also married Eastern Europe, even if there are rumours that it was a marriage of convenience, consummated in ‘EU Europe’. Nevertheless, a significant ... More

Europe's Cold War  

Jussi M. Hanhimäki

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In 1945, much of Europe was in rubble, following an orgy of violence and genocide unprecedented in recorded history. This alone provides one explanation for the phenomenal rise of Soviet ... More

European Integration: The Rescue of the Nation State?  

Robert Bideleux

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Rejecting claims that European integration has been inimical or antithetical to nations, states, and ‘national’ interests, Alan Milward's The European Rescue of the Nation-State (1992) ... More

‘Gentlemen, you are Mad!’: Mutual Assured Destruction and Cold War Culture  

Ivan T. Berend

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
In the year after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the historian and critic Lewis Mumford made a dramatic attack on the insanity of the nuclear age. In his article entitled ... More

Making Postwar Communism  

Mark Pittaway

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The Soviet Union's victory in World War II offered both Moscow and Communists in Europe the opportunity to break out of the isolation that had afflicted them during the interwar years. ... More

The Truth About Friendship Treaties: Behind The Iron Curtain  

Douglas Selvage

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The basic, legal building blocks for the Soviet sphere of influence during the Cold War were the bilateral ‘Treaties of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance’ between the states ... More

What Comes After Communism?  

Michael Shafir

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Was it communism or socialism that succumbed in 1989? Was communism dead in 1989, when the ‘Sinatra Doctrine’ (‘each does it his own way’) replaced the Brezhnev Doctrine in East Central ... More

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