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Abbreviations and Symbols  

Nikolaos Gonis

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The first part of this article deals with abbreviations found in Greek documentary papyri and ostraca. The documents in which abbreviation is rife are predominantly those produced on a ... More

The Ancient Book  

William A. Johnson

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
From the beginnings of Greek written literature until deep into the Roman era, a “book” was fashioned by taking a premanufactured papyrus roll, writing out the text, attaching additional ... More

Arabic Papyri and Islamic Egypt  

Petra M. Sijpesteijn

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The Arabs enjoyed a long-standing acquaintance with papyrus and its benefits. Papyrus and other traditional media, such as ostraca, leather, parchment, textiles, stone, and bone, were ... More

Archives and Dossiers  

Katelijn Vandorpe

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Documentary papyri describe ancient people. Where unrelated texts are like instant snapshots, archives present a coherent film of a person, a family, or a community and may span several ... More

Communicating with Tablets and Papyri  

Andrea Jördens

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article takes a look at the wide range of daily written correspondence that survived from Roman antiquity. Tablets, letters, and papyri serve as excellent source materials from the ... More

Conservation of Ancient Papyrus Materials  

Jaakko Frösén

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Papyrus conservation has had a long history since the first attempts to open the carbonized Herculaneum rolls found in 1752 and to unroll the Charta Borgiana, acquired in 1778. New ... More

Editing A Papyrus  

Paul Schubert

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The process of editing a papyrus is undeniably a central aspect in the field of papyrology. This article notes that the task of a scholar who undertakes the edition of a papyrus resembles ... More

Education in the Papyri  

Raffaella Cribiqre

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on Greek education during the roughly ten centuries between the conquest of Egypt by Alexander of Macedon and the Arab conquest. Egypt has offered a large quantity of ... More

Egyptian Religion and Magic in the Papyri  

Willy Clarysse

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The first section of this article discusses traditional religion, looking at the Ancient Egyptian worldview, mummification and afterlife, and the role of the temples in economy and ... More

The Finds of Papyri: The Archaeology of Papyrology  

Hélène Cuvigny

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
From the first Fayyum find until the First World War, the period of miraculous discoveries lasted barely forty years. In the present era of slavery to the mass media, A. S. Hunt was right ... More

The Future of Papyrology  

Peter van Minnen

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article looks at the future of papyrology. It draws heavily on two position papers Peter van Minen gave at international papyrological congresses: in Copenhagen in 1992 and in Vienna ... More

Geography and Administration in Egypt (332 BCE–642 CE)  

Maria Rosaria Falivene

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the administrative geography of Egypt under the Graeco-Macedonian regime and as it evolved over the next millennium. This information comes from papyri and ... More

The Greek and Latin Languages in the Papyri  

Eleanor Dickey

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
For the first thousand years after the end of the classical period, documentary papyri constitute the most important source of information on the development of the Greek language. ... More

Greek and Latin Writing in the Papyri  

Guglielmo Cavallo

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article briefly sets forth some methodological considerations in the history of Greek and Latin writing in the papyri. The writing exercises attested in papyri, ostraca, and tablets ... More

The History of the Discipline  

James G. Keenan

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article suggests that a strong case can be made for dating the beginning of papyrology to 1752, the year in which papyri were first discovered at Herculaneum. Nevertheless, perhaps ... More

Juristic Papyrology and Roman Law  

José Luis Alonso Rodríguez

Print publication date:
Oct 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter deals with the place of papyrology in Roman law studies. While Theodor Mommsen is often quoted as predicting that the twentieth century would be the century of papyrology, ... More

Law in Graeco-Roman Egypt: Hellenization, Fusion, Romanization  

Uri Yiftach-Firanko

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The Ptolemaic kings of Egypt ruled a variety of ethnic groups that were diverse in language, culture, religion, and legal practices. The main themes were tolerance and even the protection ... More

Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Papyri  

Cornelia Römer

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The church fathers were appalled in particular by the Gnostics' condemnation of creation. But the fact that much of their teaching was in many respects not so far from Christian dogma must ... More

Mathematics, Science, and Medicine in the Papyri  

Alexander Jones

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The sciences that are significantly attested among the papyri are mathematics, medicine, astronomy, and astrology. Medicine and astrology were professions with numerous practitioners who ... More

The Multilingual Environment of Late Antique Egypt: Greek, Latin, Coptic, and Persian Documentation  

Jean-Luc Fournet

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article considers three languages—Coptic, Latin, and Pehlevi—all of which were widely spoken and written in Egypt in the fourth to seventh centuries, analyzing their use and ... More

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