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Colonial Rule  

Toyin Falola and Matthew Heaton

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This chapter examines the transformations brought about by British colonial rule in Nigeria, which began with the annexation of Lagos in 1861 and ended with the independence of Nigeria on ... More

Democracy in Israel  

Alan Dowty

Online publication date:
Jun 2018
Can Israel be both Jewish and democratic? If Jewishness is seen properly as ethnicity, Israeli democracy should be judged by the same standards as other nation-states. The Jewish community ... More

Drivers and Dynamics of Electoral Reform, 1999–2015  

Carl Levan and Abiodun Ajijola

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
A large body of research examines questions relating to the quality of Nigeria’s elections, focusing on the mechanisms of fraud, the likelihood of violence, or the virtues of ... More

The Electoral System of Israel  

Matthew S. Shugart

The electoral system of Israel is an “extreme” example of proportional representation because of its use of a single nationwide district. This feature has been a constant since 1949, while ... More

The Executive Branch in Israel  

Ofer Kenig

As in other parliamentary democracies, the Israeli government is dependent on the confidence of parliament. Israel is a country with a diverse society, divided by multidimensional ... More

Executive Dominance and Hyper-Presidentialism in Nigeria  

Yahaya Baba

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The chapter examines the crises that triggered the collapse of the colonially imposed parliamentary system in Nigeria. The parochial nature of regional structures and the fragility of ... More

The Judicial Branch in Israel  

Menachem Hofnung and Mohammed S. Wattad

The contemporary perception of Israel’s judiciary as an independent branch does not coincide with Israel’s first government’s perception after establishing the first Supreme Court. To a ... More

The Judiciary in Nigeria Since 1999  

Patrick Ukata

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Since May 1999, the Nigerian judiciary has increasingly been called upon to play a more critical role in interpreting the constitution, ensuring the enforcement of the rule of law and the ... More

The Legislative Branch in Israel  

Chen Friedberg and Reuven Y. Hazan

The Knesset is the legislative body of Israel, which has been a parliamentary, unitary democracy since its foundation. It is a unicameral parliament, elected through a proportional ... More

Legislative Development and Decadence in the Fourth Republic National Assembly  

Rotimi Suberu

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The performance of the Nigerian National Assembly in the Fourth Republic has been profoundly ambivalent and contradictory. On one hand, the assembly has passed significant constitutional ... More

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