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Aggressive Elites and Vulnerable Entrepreneurs: Trust and Cooperation in the Shadow of Conflict  

Halvor Mehlum and Karl Moene

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article explores the tendency for poverty and conflict, as well as for prosperity and peace, to reinforce one another, examining two specific factors. One is the type of rents that ... More

Cost-Benefit Analysis  

Robin Boadway

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This is an overview of the methods used to evaluate projects or policies when a normative approach is taken based on individual preferences. The evaluation of individual welfare change is ... More

Econometric Evaluation of Health Policies  

Andrew M. Jones and Nigel Rice

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article devotes considerable attention to new econometric methodologies that have been used to assess health care econometrics. The goal of evaluative research is to identify the ... More

Econometrics of Economics and Human Biology  

Gregory Colman and Dhaval Dave

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
Many questions arising in research in economics and human biology cannot be studied through experimental manipulation, making the ideal randomized controlled trial (RCT) infeasible. Often ... More

The Economics of Vaccines  

Frank A. Sloan

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses preventive vaccines, focusing on features that differentiate these vaccines from other biopharmaceuticals. The external costs of infectious diseases imply external ... More

Empirical Evidence on the Value of Pharmaceuticals  

Craig Garthwaite and Mark Duggan

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article begins by summarizing the existing evidence concerning the effect of pharmaceuticals on overall health. It then examines evidence of the health benefits of pharmaceuticals for ... More

Globalization and International Conflict: Can Foreign Direct Investment Increase Cooperation Among Nations?  

Solomon W. Polachek, Carlos Seiglie, and Jun Xiang

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
There is a long-standing literature that has examined how international trade itself might induce cooperation and peace among states potentially in conflict. In particular, despite some ... More

Health Utility Measurement  

Donna Rowen and John Brazier

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Measuring and valuing health is a major component of economic evaluation, meaning that health utility measurement has been growing in popularity in recent years due to the increasing ... More

Measuring inequality and Inequity in Health and Health Care  

Eddy Van Doorslaer and Tom Van Ourti

Print publication date:
Apr 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the measurement of the success of the redistributive function describing strategies used for measuring the inequality of the outcomes of a health care system in terms ... More

Measuring Poverty: A Proposal  

Thomas Pogge and Scott Wisor

Print publication date:
Jun 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter documents a participatory approach to developing a new, gender-sensitive measure of deprivation that improves upon existing measures of poverty and gender equity. Over three ... More

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