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Adult Weight and Height of Native Populations  

Asher Rosinger and Ricardo Godoy

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Weight and height are critical indicators of short- and long-term human nutrition and health. This chapter reviews secular trends of weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) from studies ... More

Biological Measures of Well-Being  

Richard H. Steckel

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Beginning with Bismarck’s Germany in the late 19th century, nations gave increasing attention to measures of well-being while traveling the path to welfare states of the 20th century. ... More

Biomarkers as Inputs  

Steven Lehrer

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter provides an overview of research primarily within the discipline of economics that empirically examines how biomarkers influences specific health and socioeconomic outcomes. ... More

Birth Weight as an Indicator of Human Welfare  

W. Peter Ward

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Birth weight is a biometric measure of well-being widely used as an infant health indicator. It also offers insights into maternal and population health more generally. The most common ... More

The Causes and Consequences of Increased Female Education and Labor Force Participation in Developing Countries  

Rachel Heath and Seema Jayachandran

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Two important recent trends in most developing countries are the rise in female labor force participation and the closing of gender gaps in school enrollment. This article begins by ... More

Children’s Anthropometrics and Later Disease Incidence  

Karri Silventoinen

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
Anthropometric measures in childhood predict the risk of metabolic diseases decades later. Low birthweight and short stature are associated with higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases ... More

Crisis and Human Biology  

Prashant Bharadwaj and Tom Vogl

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter reviews the literature on the effects of aggregate crises on human biological outcomes. The crises considered are acute, severe, and unexpected negative events occurring at ... More

Demographic Transformation and Economic Inequality  

Gary Burtless

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article assesses the impact of changing demography on inequality and poverty. Section 2 considers how household living arrangements affect personal economic well-being and its ... More

The Double Burden of Malnutrition  

Susan L. Averett and Yang Wang

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
In this chapter, the authors explore the double burden of malnutrition. Although undernutrition remains a pressing issue in developing countries, for many developing nations obesity rates ... More

Education and Inequality  

Stephen Machin

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on education acquisition and inequality, the impact of education on economic and social outcomes and on how changes in education, together with the pattern of demand ... More

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