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Bayesian Perceptual Psychology  

Michael Rescorla

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2013
Contemporary perceptual psychology uses Bayesian decision theory to develop Helmholtz’s view that perception involves ‘unconscious inference’. The science provides mathematically rigorous, ... More

Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Darwinian Evolutionary Theory: Its Structure and Its Mechanism  

Michael Ruse

Print publication date:
Jul 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article starts when Charles Darwin published his great evolutionary work, “On the Origin of Species” which deals with artificial selection, i.e. the combination of traits and natural ... More

Decision Theory and Epistemology  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article finds it characteristic of orthodox Bayesians to hold that for each person and each hypothesis it comprehends, there is a precise degree of confidence that person has in the ... More

Economic Rationality  

Paul. Weirich

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article examines three competing views entertained by economic theory about the instrumental rationality of decisions. The first says to maximize self-interest, the second to maximize ... More

Experimental Economics—A Philosophical Perspective  

Werner Güth and Hartmut Kliemt

The originally Hobbesian ideal of twentieth-century neoclassical economics as a discipline that studies human interaction “more geometrico” as a scenery of interactive rational decision ... More

Explanation and Epistemology  

William G. Lycan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article proposes that explanation and epistemology are related in at least three ways. First, “to explain something is an epistemic act and to have something explained is to learn.” ... More

Formal Epistemology  

Igor Douven and Jonah N. Schupbach

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Formal epistemology is a young but vibrant field of research in analytic philosophy characterized by both its matter and its method. The subject matter of this field is epistemology, the ... More

Hume on Space and Time  

Donald L.M. Baxter

Print publication date:
Jan 2016
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
For Hume, the ideas of space and of time are each a general idea of some indivisible objects arranged in a certain manner with additional qualities that make them conceivable to the mind. ... More

If Economics Is a Science, What Kind of a Science Is It?  

Alex Rosenberg

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
To begin with, economics has a paradigm, as plainly exhibited by the uniformity of its textbooks. It is a commonplace that unlike every other social and behavioral science, the ... More

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