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Bishops, Education, and Discipline  

Sarah Hamilton

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
Church discipline and the ways in which it was implemented offers an important window on to the relations between churchmen and lay people. But historians need to understand what ... More

The Boundaries of Christendom and Islam: Iberia and the Latin Levant  

Amy G. Remensnyder

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
This chapter examines the geographical, conceptual, and spiritual boundaries between Christendom and Islam in the middle ages, focussing on Iberia and the Levant. It notes that the ... More

The Christian Church, 13701550  

David J. Collins S.J.

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter reviews major themes in the history of Western Christianity from the onset of the Western Schism (1378) to the opening of the Council of Trent (1345). Topics include late ... More

Christian Experiences of Religious Non-conformism  

Grado Giovanni Merlo

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Noting that ‘heresy’ is an identity and label which is imposed rather than self-ascribed, this chapter places at its centre the notion of ‘non-conformity’ within Christianity, tracing the ... More

Christianity and Its Others: Jews, Muslims, and Pagans  

Sara Lipton

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
For many historians, western Christendom between 1100 and 1500 can be characterized by the defining of Christian identity and the forging of Christian unity against an abstracted, ... More

Christianizing Kingdoms  

Sverre Bagge

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This chapter considers processes of conversion in the medieval Church, from the Roman empire to the Duchy of Lithuania, but with a particular focus on the northern European kingdoms that ... More

Christianizing Political Discourses  

Geoffrey Koziol

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
This chapter notes the early dominance of kings and emperors within the narrative of ‘the Church’, and argues that rather than thinking of early Christianity as a ‘royal religion’, we can ... More

The Church as Lord  

George Dameron

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
Church lords were among the most powerful owners of property in the middle ages. We have learned much about the cultural and social histories of the medieval Church in the past generation, ... More

Civic Religion  

Nicholas Terpstra

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
‘Civic religion’ is a modern term, but useful nonetheless in framing the particular context of religion in medieval towns and cities, where greater social and political stratification ... More

Conclusion: Looking Back from the Reformation  

Ronnie Po-chia Hsia

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
May 2014
This chapter considers the changes wrought by the Reformation, in an attempt to sketch continuities and changes from the Christianity of the middle ages. It looks to the further ... More

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