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After the Fear was Over? What Came After Dictatorships in Spain, Greece, and Portugal  

Helen Graham and Alejandro Quiroga

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
What Spain, Greece, and Portugal have in common in the twentieth century is the manner in which their internal processes of change – rural to urban, agrarian to industrial – were ... More

Brothers, Strangers and Enemies: Ethno-Nationalism and the Demise of Communist Yugoslavia  

Cathie Carmichael

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
In the forty-five years after World War II that Communist Yugoslavia existed, judgements as to the success of the experiment differed widely. Unlike the first royalist Yugoslav state, ... More

Colonial Fantasies Shattered  

Martin Evans

Print publication date:
May 2012
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Sep 2012
J. G. Ballard, author of the 1984 novel Empire of the Sun, was born in the Shanghai International Settlement in China in 1930, into a privileged colonial milieu with a chauffeur, a nanny, ... More

A Continent Bristling With Arms: Continuity and Change In Western European Security Policies After the Second World War  

Leopoldo Nuti

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Since the end of World War II, Europe has known an unprecedented period of peace that has profoundly altered the political landscape of the continent. Yet at the same time, for much of the ... More

Corporatism and the Social Democratic Moment: The Postwar Settlement, 1945–1973  

Geoff Eley

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Certain facts about postwar Europe seem self-evidently true. Undoubtedly the most salient was the division of Europe and the political, economic, social, and cultural antinomies that ... More

The Countryside: Towards a Theme Park?  

Hugh D Clout

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
By the dawn of the twenty-first century, Europe's agriculture had been reshaped dramatically, since policy makers viewed rural space as more than a resource base of crops, animal products, ... More

East, West, and the Return of ‘Central’: Borders Drawn and Redrawn  

Catherine Lee and Robert Bideleux

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Western Europe has not only met but also married Eastern Europe, even if there are rumours that it was a marriage of convenience, consummated in ‘EU Europe’. Nevertheless, a significant ... More

Ethnic Cleansing  

Philipp Ther

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
One can define ethnic cleansing as a mass-scale, violent, and permanent removal of an ethnically defined group from one territory to a perceived external homeland. Deportations within a ... More

Europe and its Others: Is there a European Identity?  

Luisa Passerini

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May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
For centuries, forms of European identity were built up through contrasts and oppositions, creating various forms of orientalism and occidentalism. It is useful to keep three levels of ... More

1968: Europe in Technicolour  

Martin Klimke

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Even after more than four decades, the events of the tumultuous year 1968 still mesmerise and polarise Europe, both culturally and politically. Although prominent representatives of the ... More

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