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Addressing Local Fiscal Disparities  

Tracy M. Gordon

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The United States is considered a highly decentralized country. More recently, American federalism has been in a state of flux. At the same time, decentralization has been on the rise ... More

Africa’s Urbanization: Challenges and Opportunities  

M. Freire, S. Lall, and D. Leipziger

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter examines Africa’s urbanization and the challenges and opportunities it presents, with emphasis on what it will take to make African cities efficient, sustainable, and ... More

Are Large Metropolitan Areas Still Viable?  

Edwin S. Mills

This chapter examines the functions of and prospects for large metropolitan areas (MAs) in the United States. It argues that the high cost of transporting people and goods is a necessary, ... More

Assessing State-Level Science and Technology Policies: North Carolina’s Experience with SBIR State Matching Grants  

John Hardin, Lukas Brun, and Lauren Lanahan

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
State government R&D expenditures play a critical role in supporting innovation in the United States. This chapter discusses the growing role of US state governments in supporting R&D ... More

Clusters, Communities, and Competitiveness: An Emerging Model from America’s Midwest  

David Lawther Johnson

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
For regions seeking to advance economic competitiveness, building appropriate clusters of concentrated economic activity remains an effective strategy, even as traditional ... More

The Co-creation of Locally Useful Knowledge by Business Schools  

Martin Binks and Simon Mosey

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
In the UK, business schools are being exhorted by government to engage with local organizations to enhance their competitiveness. However, a historical legacy of providing courses for ... More

Commercialization or Engagement: Which Is of More Significance for Regional Economies?  

Martin Kenney

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
The literature on the university’s role in regional economic development and technology commercialization has almost entirely focused on commercialization as managed through ... More

Competitive Advantages from University Research Parks  

Albert N. Link

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
The flow of knowledge from a university research park is not a new theme in the academic domain. Scholars have emphasized the flow of knowledge from university research parks, but those ... More

Construction of the Cluster Commons  

Orjan Solvell

Print publication date:
Sep 2015
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
There is an extensive literature linking clusters to innovation, through the mechanism of knowledge spillovers. This chapter argues that, in order for such innovation dynamics and ... More

Discovering the Efficiency of Urban Sprawl  

Alex Anas

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Sprawl refers to the aggregate land area in urban use. Planners view sprawl from a descriptive perspective, whereas economists view it from a normative one. This article opens with a brief ... More

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