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Adam Smith and Marx  

Spencer Pack

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
This chapter outlines Marx’s general attitude towards Smith. It argues that Marx was a close reader of and that he generally admired Smith’s work. The chapter outlines how Marx criticizes various ... More

Adam Smith on Women  

Maureen Harkin

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
Women are largely absent from the economic system Smith lays out in . This account of women in Smith thus focuses primarily on analysis of and its discussion of women as subjects and objects of ... More

Adult Weight and Height of Native Populations  

Asher Rosinger and Ricardo Godoy

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Weight and height are critical indicators of short- and long-term human nutrition and health. This chapter reviews secular trends of weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) from studies ... More

Africa’s Demographic Transition and Economic Prospects  

Jeffrey D. Sachs

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Sub-Saharan Africa’s opportunity to escape from poverty is real and opportune, but the delayed demographic transition to low mortality and low fertility poses a serious risk. Without a ... More

Age and Performance Under Pressure: Golfers on the LPGA Tour  

Harold O. Fried and Loren W. Tauer

Print publication date:
May 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores how well an individual manages his or her own talent to achieve high performance in an individual sport. Its setting is the Ladies Professional Golf Association ... More

Age Compositional Shifts and Changing Intergenerational Transfers in Selected Asian Countries  

Naohiro Ogawa

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This chapter examines the changes in demographics in selected Asian Pacific countries and traces the impacts of those changes for intergenerational transfers. It provides detailed ... More

Biological Measures of Well-Being  

Richard H. Steckel

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
Beginning with Bismarck’s Germany in the late 19th century, nations gave increasing attention to measures of well-being while traveling the path to welfare states of the 20th century. ... More

Biology and Gender in the Labor Market  

Deborah A. Cobb-Clark

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article explores whether new research linking economic decision-making to human biology provides an explanation for gendered labor market outcomes, in particular the gender wage gap. ... More

Biomarkers as Inputs  

Steven Lehrer

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Oct 2015
This chapter provides an overview of research primarily within the discipline of economics that empirically examines how biomarkers influences specific health and socioeconomic outcomes. ... More

Birth Weight as an Indicator of Human Welfare  

W. Peter Ward

Print publication date:
May 2016
Online publication date:
Sep 2015
Birth weight is a biometric measure of well-being widely used as an infant health indicator. It also offers insights into maternal and population health more generally. The most common ... More

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