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Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings  

James Bonta Ph.D. and J.S. Wormith Ph.D.

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter describes the developments that have occurred over the past three decades in the area of offender assessment and classification, including discussion of why offender ... More

American Corrections: Reform Without Change  

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It ... More

Brown v. Plata  

Keramet Reiter and Natalie Pifer

Online publication date:
Jun 2015
In 2011 the US Supreme Court declared healthcare in California’s prison system constitutionally inadequate under the Eighth Amendment and upheld an order to reduce the prison population by ... More

The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies  

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that ... More

The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities  

Alec Ewald and Christopher Uggen

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article studies “invisible punishment” or the “collateral” consequences that follow convictions. It notes that these collateral consequences are sometimes caused by charges or arrests ... More

A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy  

Roy D. King

This essay traces the development of policies regarding difficult and dangerous prisoners in Britain and the United States from the 1960s to the present day. In essence policies about ... More

Contemporary Penal Policies  

Hilde Tubex

Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This article provides an overview of the literature leading comparative penological research. Starting from the concept of “punitiveness” as measured in imprisonment rates, it explores and ... More

Detention  

William H. Barton

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The term detention refers to that part of the juvenile justice system that handles youths between the time of their arrest and court hearings. Detention centers are secure facilities ... More

Drugs and Prisons  

Michael Wheatley, John R. Weekes, Andrea E. Moser, and Kathleen Thibault

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This essay explores how illegal drugs are linked to imprisonment, especially in the United States. First, the chapter considers statistics that demonstrate how the high U.S. imprisonment ... More

The Effect of Prisons on Crime  

Sarah Tahamont and Aaron Chalfin

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter presents empirical evidence regarding the (in)effectiveness of prisons for reducing crime. The authors begin with a brief discussion of the mechanisms through which ... More

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