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Cartesian Physics  

John A. Schuster

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines the physics of René Descartes. Descartes’ natural philosophy marks a significant moment in the larger history of physics. His system of natural philosophy was a ... More

Electricity and Magnetism to Volta  

Jed Z. Buchwald

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article focuses on developments in electricity and magnetism up to the time of Alessandro Volta. Until the late 1600s electricity as a subject reduced to what has been aptly termed ... More

Electrodynamics from Thomson and Maxwell to Hertz  

Jed Z. Buchwald

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines developments in the field of electrodynamics from William Thomson and James Clerk Maxwell to Heinrich Hertz. It begins with a discussion of Michael Faraday’s work, ... More

Electromagnetism and Field Physics  

Friedrich Steinle

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines developments in electromagnetism and field physics during the early nineteenth century, when electricity had become a fully respected area of research. It begins with ... More

The Emergence of Statistical Mechanics  

Olivier Darrigol and Jürgen Renn

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Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article traces the history of statistical mechanics, beginning with a discussion of mechanical models of thermal phenomena. In particular, it considers how several circumstances, ... More

Engineering Energy: Constructing a New Physics for Victorian Britain  

Crosbie Smith

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article focuses on the construction of the new sciences of thermodynamics and energy in Britain during the Victorian era, arguing that it occurred not simply within the broad contexts ... More

Experimentation in the Physical Sciences of the Seventeenth Century  

Domenico Bertoloni Meli

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines experimentation in the physical sciences during the seventeenth century. It first provides an overview of some features and problems of seventeenth-century ... More

From Workshop to Factory: The Evolution of the Instrument-Making Industry, 1850–1930  

Paolo Brenni

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article focuses on the evolution and transformations of the instrument-making industry between 1850 and 1930. It begins with an overview of some broad categories of instruments, ... More

Galileo’s Mechanics of Natural Motion and Projectiles  

N. M. Swerdlow

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article examines Galileo’s ideas about the mechanics of natural motion and projectiles. Among the subjects in mechanics considered by Galileo, the most important are ‘natural motion’, ... More

Instruments and Instrument-Makers, 1700–1850  

Anita McConnell

Print publication date:
Oct 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This article focuses on instruments and instrument-makers during the period 1700–1850. Scientific instruments in the 150 years between 1700 and 1850 enjoyed rapid advances in design and ... More

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