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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia  

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner, and Jenifer L. Vohs

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are ... More

The acoustic environment  

William J. Davies

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating ... More

Affective Brain-Computer Interfaces: Neuroscientific Approaches to Affect Detection  

Christian Mühl, Dirk Heylen, and Anton Nijholt

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. The brain is involved in the ... More

The afferent synapse  

Jonathan Ashmore

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of ... More

Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory  

Sander Daselaar and Roberto Cabeza

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Memory is one of the cognitive functions that deteriorate most with age. The types of memory most affected by aging are working memory, the short-term memory maintenance and simultaneous ... More

Aging changes in the central auditory system  

Robert D. Frisina

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes ... More

Alexithymia from the Social Neuroscience Perspective  

Sylvie Berthoz, Lydia Pouga, and Michele Wessa

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct characterized by the impaired ability to reflect on and regulate one’s own emotions. This chapter refers to a wide range of domains of ... More

Alignment in dialogue  

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and ... More

Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases  

Rolf Verleger

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using ... More

Altruism  

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews the ultimate and proximate levels of analysis on altruism in humans, hoping to create an overarching framework that places each within a larger context that can ... More

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