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Agency in Plato’s Republic  

Christopher Bobonich

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
This article discusses some of the most important recent controversies in the psychology of Plato’s Republic. These include its views on akratic action, the capacities of the parts of the ... More

Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione  

S. Marc Cohen

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is, ... More

Anaxagoras and the Theory of Everything  

Patricia Curd

Print publication date:
Oct 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Anaxagoras of Clazomenae proposed a theory of everything. Like other Presocratics, Anaxagoras addressed topics that could now be placed outside the sphere of philosophical inquiry: not ... More

The Ancient Greeks  

Sarah Broadie

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural ... More

Ancient Scepticism  

Richard Bett

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Apr 2013
This chapter, which analyses the ethical theories of Greek sceptic Sextus Empiricus, begins by considering other sceptical figures who preceded Sextus, both for their intrinsic interest ... More

Aquinas, Plato, and Neoplatonism  

Wayne J. Hankey

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
Plato, and a wide variety of ancient, Arabic, and medieval Platonisms had a significant influence on Aquinas. The Corpus, with its quasi-Apostolic origin for Aquinas, was his most ... More

Aristotelian Freedom  

David Keyt

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
According to Aristotle, the “democratic” freedom treasured by the exponents of ancient Greek democracy has two marks, one personal and one political: (i) to live as one wishes and (ii) to ... More

Aristotle in the Arabic Commentary Tradition  

Peter Adamson

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In late antiquity, the commentary became the most prominent genre of philosophical writing. Aristotle was the author who received the lion's share of attention, even though the ... More

Aristotle on Agency  

David Charles

Online publication date:
May 2017
This essay attempts to answer three questions about Aristotle’s account of agency: (1) What is an action? (2) Under what conditions is an action voluntary or intentional? (3) What is the ... More

Aristotle on Becoming Good: Habituation, Reflection, and Perception  

Richard Kraut

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Greek noun for which “virtue” and “excellence” are often used as translations—aretê (plural: aretai)—is cognate to the name of the god of war, Ares (called “Mars” in Latin) and, ... More

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