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Acceleration, Deceleration, Escalation, and De-escalation  

Wesley G. Jennings and Bryanna Hahn Fox

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter examines two patterns of change seen in individual offending behaviors at certain times and ages: acceleration or deceleration and escalation or de-escalation. In order to ... More

Adolescent Development, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice  

Jennifer L. Woolard

Some form of delinquency is a normative part of adolescence for a majority of teens, yet the consequences of risky behavior and juvenile justice involvement can be severe. This article ... More

Age and Crime  

Chester L. Britt

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter provides an alternative framework for thinking about the research on age and crime. It argues that, contrary to a popular view in the research literature that emphasizes ... More

Age of Onset of Offending Behavior  

Elaine Eggleston Doherty and Sarah Bacon

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter first provides an overview of the empirical observations that have shaped the age-of-onset research. It approaches these empirical observations as the central “facts” ... More

The Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control  

John H. Laub, Zachary R. Rowan, and Robert J. Sampson

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter turns to the age-graded theory of informal social control. This theory posits that crime is more likely to occur when an individual's bond to conventional society is weakened. ... More

Biology and Crime  

Melissa Peskin, Yu Gao, Andrea L. Glenn, Anna Rudo-Hutt, Yaling Yang, and Adrian Raine

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Numerous studies carried out over the past two decades suggest that several biological risk factors significantly increase the likelihood for people to commit crime and violence across the ... More

Biosocial Influences on Offending Across the Life Course  

Olivia Choy, Jill Portnoy, Adrian Raine, Rheanna J. Remmel, Robert Schug, Catherine Tuvblad, and Yaling Yang

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter presents major biological and biosocial findings in relation to the development of offending. It reviews empirical findings on the association between two psychophysiological ... More

Change in Offending across the Life Course  

Christopher J. Sullivan

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Over the past twenty years, the developmental, life-course framework has emerged as an important means of understanding crime and delinquency. A number of studies tend to focus more on ... More

Co-offending  

Sarah B. van Mastrigt and Peter Carrington

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter reviews existing theory and empirical evidence on changes in co-offending patterns over the life course, links these patterns to other key criminal career parameters, and ... More

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment to Prevent Offending and to Rehabilitate Offenders  

Georgia Zara

Print publication date:
Jan 2019
Online publication date:
Dec 2018
This chapter discusses evidence-based treatments that include cognitive-behavioral interventions to target offending. It briefly describes the theoretical principles of ... More

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