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Absolutism  

Mark Goldie

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Absolutism is a nineteenth-century term designed precisely to address the mismatch between doctrine and power. The intellectual resources of absolutism were far older than the Renaissance ... More

Adam Smith’s Libertarian Paternalism  

James R. Otteson

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein argue for “libertarian paternalism,” defined as the strategy to devise policy that will “maintain or increase freedom of choice” and at the same time ... More

Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment  

Emily Brady

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
This chapter discusses key issues and questions about aesthetic experience and valuing of natural objects, processes, and phenomena. It begins by exploring the character of environmental, ... More

Affirmative Action for the Future  

James P. Sterba

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Diversity instead of race-based affirmative action developed in the United States from the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke decision in 1978 to the present. There have been ... More

Anarchism  

Marshall Shatz

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Anarchism rejects the state as an inherently despotic institution that must be abolished in order for human nature to flower. This does not mean the absence of social order, however, for ... More

Animal Rights and Political Theory  

Julian Franklin

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
In the ancient world, the idea that killing animals for food is wrong arose mainly from belief in a deep continuity between the animal and human psyche. The underlying thought is that the ... More

The Anthropocene!: Beyond the Natural?  

Holmes Rolston III

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
We are now entering the Anthropocene Epoch—so runs a recent enthusiastic claim. Humans can and ought go beyond the natural and powerfully engineer a better planet, managing for climate ... More

Anthropogenic Mass Extinction: The Science, the Ethics, and the Civics  

Jeremy Bendik-Keymer and Chris Haufe

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Feb 2016
We explore the science of mass extinction, link it to industrial civilization, use the concept of the banality of evil to explain the ethical situation, and then explain the various ways ... More

Arabic Contributions to Medieval Political Theory  

Charles E. Butterworth

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This article explores political philosophy within the medieval Arabic-Islamic tradition of the Middle East, focusing on the contributions of a few thinkers including Alfarabi, Avicenna, ... More

Aristotelian Freedom  

David Keyt

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
According to Aristotle, the “democratic” freedom treasured by the exponents of ancient Greek democracy has two marks, one personal and one political: (i) to live as one wishes and (ii) to ... More

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