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Aristotle on the Infinite  

Ursula Coope

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to ... More

Aristotle's Logic  

Paolo Crivelli

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle created logic and developed it to a level of great sophistication. There was nothing there before; and it took more than two millennia for something better to come around. The ... More

Aristotle's Philosophy of Mathematics  

David Bostock

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Much of Aristotle's thought developed in reaction to Plato's views, and this is certainly true of his philosophy of mathematics. To judge from his dialogue, the Meno, the first thing that ... More

Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Calculating Machine  

Matthew L. Jones

This chapter sketches the challenges Leibniz faced in building a calculating machine for arithmetic, especially his struggle to coordinate with skilled artisans. The chapter surveys his ... More

The Calculus  

Siegmund Probst

This chapter discusses the history of Leibniz's work on infinitesimal calculus, of which a considerable part is still unknown. His new method, emerging from studies in the summing of ... More

Computational Economics  

Paul Humphreys

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Computational economics is a relatively new research technique in economics, but it is inexorably taking its place alongside the more traditional methods of general theory, abstract ... More

Computationalism  

Gualtiero Piccinini

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
May 2012
The introduction of the concept of computation in cognitive science is discussed in this article. Computationalism is usually introduced as an empirical hypothesis that can be ... More

Counterfactual Theories  

L. A. Paul

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Counterfactual analyses have received a good deal of attention in recent years, resulting in a host of counterexamples and objections to the simple analysis and its descendants. The ... More

Decision Theory and Epistemology  

Mark Kaplan

Print publication date:
Oct 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article finds it characteristic of orthodox Bayesians to hold that for each person and each hypothesis it comprehends, there is a precise degree of confidence that person has in the ... More

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