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Aristotle on the Infinite  

Ursula Coope

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to ... More

Aristotle's Logic  

Paolo Crivelli

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle created logic and developed it to a level of great sophistication. There was nothing there before; and it took more than two millennia for something better to come around. The ... More

Aristotle's Philosophy of Mathematics  

David Bostock

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Much of Aristotle's thought developed in reaction to Plato's views, and this is certainly true of his philosophy of mathematics. To judge from his dialogue, the Meno, the first thing that ... More

The Axiomatic Approach to Truth  

Kentaro Fujimoto and Volker Halbach

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
This chapter sketches the motivations for treating truth as a primitive notion and developing axiomatic theories of truth. Then the main axiomatic systems of typed and type-free truth are ... More

Bayesianism  

James M. Joyce

Print publication date:
Feb 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article is concerned with Bayesian epistemology. Bayesianism claims to provide a unified theory of epistemic and practical rationality based on the principle of mathematical ... More

Bivalence and Determinacy  

Ian Rumfitt

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The principle that every statement is bivalent (i.e. either true or false) has been a bone of philosophical contention for centuries, for an apparently powerful argument for it (due to ... More

Calculating Machine  

Matthew L. Jones

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter sketches the challenges Leibniz faced in building a calculating machine for arithmetic, especially his struggle to coordinate with skilled artisans, surveys his philosophical ... More

The Calculus  

Siegmund Probst

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter discusses the history of Leibniz's work on infinitesimal calculus of which a considerable part is still unknown. His new method, emerging from studies in the summing of ... More

The Coherence Theory of Truth  

Ralph Walker

Print publication date:
Jul 2018
Online publication date:
Sep 2018
The coherence theory holds that truth consists in coherence amongst our beliefs. It can thus rule out radical scepticism and avoid the problems of the correspondence theory. Considerations ... More

Computational Economics  

Paul Humphreys

Print publication date:
Mar 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Computational economics is a relatively new research technique in economics, but it is inexorably taking its place alongside the more traditional methods of general theory, abstract ... More

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