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The A Priori  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The existence and nature of the a priori are defining issues for philosophy. A philosopher's attitude to the a priori is a touchstone for his whole approach to the subject. Sometimes, as ... More

Ars Characteristica, Logical Calculus, and Natural Languages  

Massimo Mugnai

This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s philosophical reflections on ars characteristica (“characteristic art,” the art of forming and arranging the characters so that they ... More

Ascriber Contextualism  

Stewart Cohen

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes the concept of ascriber contextualism in relation to skepticism. It explains that ascriber contextualism in epistemology is the view that the truth conditions for ... More

Assertion  

Mitchell S. Green

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Assertion is here approached as a social practice developed through cultural evolution. This perspective will facilitate inquiry into questions concerning what role assertion plays in ... More

Assertion, Saying, and Propositional Complexity in Wittgenstein's Tractatus  

Colin Johnston

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Ludwig Wittgenstein responds in his Notes on Logic to a discussion of Bertrand Russell's 1903 Principles of Mathematics concerning assertion. In Principles of Mathematics, Russell makes a ... More

Causation and Semantic Content  

Frank Jackson

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
How does causation enter the picture? Belief is a state shaped by the world, a state that seeks to fit the world; desire is a state that shapes the world, that seeks to make the world fit ... More

Compositionality  

Josh Dever

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The question of whether natural languages have compositional semantics continues to attract considerable interest, as do questions about the reasons for wanting compositionality, the ... More

Concepts and Possession Conditions  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Jan 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The first virtue of the rough characterization of concepts in terms of ways of thinking of objects and properties, and their role in that-clauses, is that it highlights the relation ... More

Conceptual Role Semantics  

Mark Greenberg and Gilbert Harman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Conceptual role semantics (CRS) is the view that the meanings of expressions of a language (or other symbol system) or the contents of mental states are determined or explained by the role ... More

Counterfactuals  

Julian Reiss

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article, which is concerned with counterfactuals insofar as they relate to causal inference about singular events, concentrates on counterfactuals that are closely connected to claims ... More

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