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The A Priori  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The existence and nature of the a priori are defining issues for philosophy. A philosopher's attitude to the a priori is a touchstone for his whole approach to the subject. Sometimes, as ... More

Ars Characteristica, Logical Calculus, and Natural Languages  

Massimo Mugnai

Print publication date:
Dec 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2015
This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s philosophical reflections on ars characteristica (“characteristic art,” the art of forming and arranging characters so that they agree ... More

Ascriber Contextualism  

Stewart Cohen

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article describes the concept of ascriber contextualism in relation to skepticism. It explains that ascriber contextualism in epistemology is the view that the truth conditions for ... More

Assertion  

Mitchell S. Green

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Assertion is here approached as a social practice developed through cultural evolution. This perspective will facilitate inquiry into questions concerning what role assertion plays in ... More

Assertion and Convention  

Mitchell S. Green

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
In light of a view of assertion as a product of cultural evolution, we disentangle a number of distinct questions that might be raised concerning the relation of assertion to convention ... More

Assertion and Fiction  

Manuel García-Carpintero

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
This article discusses three issues about the relations between fiction and assertion that have figured prominently in recent debates. In the first section, it addresses questions about ... More

Assertion and Mindreading  

William S. Horton

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Pragmatic accounts of assertion commonly assume that language users engage in some form of mindreading. For example, Stalnaker proposed that the critical context for any assertion is the ... More

Assertion, Saying, and Propositional Complexity in Wittgenstein's Tractatus  

Colin Johnston

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Ludwig Wittgenstein responds in his Notes on Logic to a discussion of Bertrand Russell's 1903 Principles of Mathematics concerning assertion. In Principles of Mathematics, Russell makes a ... More

Austin on Asserting and Knowing  

Robert Fiengo

Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Austin argued that asserting is a family of four systematically related illocutionary acts: that, when we assert, we are always either Calling an item something, or Describing an item as ... More

Causation and Semantic Content  

Frank Jackson

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
How does causation enter the picture? Belief is a state shaped by the world, a state that seeks to fit the world; desire is a state that shapes the world, that seeks to make the world fit ... More

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