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Abortion and Death  

Don Marquis

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter, which examines views about abortion and death, discusses claims about abortion and explains some ways for considering these claims to be true. It analyzes whether abortion ... More

The Actual World  

Donald Rutherford

This chapter discusses Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz’s theory of the actual world as the best of all possible worlds. The chapter opens with Leibniz’s response to the two most basic questions ... More

Agency and Interventionist Theories  

James F. Woodward

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Agency and interventionist theories of causation take as their point of departure a common-sense idea about the connection between causation and manipulation: causal relationships are ... More

Agent-Causal Theories of Freedom  

Timothy O'Connor

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of recent agent-causal theories, explaining what motivates them to postulate an “ontologically primitive” notion of causation by an agent or substance ... More

Alteration and Persistence: Form and Matter in the Physics and De Generatione et Corruptione  

S. Marc Cohen

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's Physics is a study of nature (phusis) and of natural objects (ta phusei). According to him, these objects—either all of them or at least some of them—are in motion. That is, ... More

Alternatives for Libertarians  

Randolph Clarke

Print publication date:
Jul 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses objections to all three kinds of libertarian theory. It first reprises and further develops criticisms of noncausalist and event-causal (EC) libertarian theories. It ... More

The Ancient Greeks  

Sarah Broadie

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
There are various motives for refining the notion of cause. Aristotle's was an interest in providing the most informative and illuminating method of explaining the central natural ... More

Anti‐Reductionism  

John W. Carroll

Print publication date:
Nov 2009
Online publication date:
Jan 2010
Anti-reductionism is the view that causation cannot be analysed non-nomically and, further, that causation still resists analysis even when the non-causal, nomic concepts are made ... More

Aristotle on the Infinite  

Ursula Coope

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
In Physics, Aristotle starts his positive account of the infinite by raising a problem: “[I]f one supposes it not to exist, many impossible things result, and equally if one supposes it to ... More

Aristotle's Categorial Scheme  

Paul Studtmann

Print publication date:
Aug 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Aristotle's categorial scheme had an unparalleled effect not only on his own philosophical system, but also on the systems of many of the greatest philosophers in the Western tradition. ... More

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