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Adverbial grammaticalization  

Paolo Ramat

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines the grammaticalisation of adverbs. It surveys ways in which adverbs can come into existence: via affixation, via case suffixes, and with true grammaticalised ... More

American Descriptivism (‘Structuralism’)  

James P. Blevins

Print publication date:
Mar 2013
Online publication date:
Jul 2013
Although the heyday of the American Descriptivist school was short, spanning the time between Bloomfield and Chomsky, this period was decisive for the development of modern linguistics. It ... More

Amphichronic Explanation and the Life Cycle of Phonological Processes  

Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
In amphichronic phonology, synchronic and diachronic explanation feed each other. The architecture of grammar predicts the possible modes of implementation of phonological change ... More

Analogy and Morphophonological Change  

David Fertig

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
This chapter presents a critical overview of traditional and current approaches to analogical change, focusing on those aspects that are most directly relevant to historical phonology, ... More

Analyticity and syntheticity in the history of English  

Benedikt Szmrecsanyi

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The article adopts terminology, concepts, and ideas developed in quantitative morphological typology (cf. Greenberg 1960) to investigate the coding of grammatical information in English ... More

Analyzing the ONZE data as evidence for sound change  

Jennifer Hay

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Launched in 1989, when Elizabeth Gordon became aware of the existence of a set of recordings of early New Zealand English, the Origins of New Zealand English Project (ONZE) provides a ... More

The areal dimension of grammaticalization  

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article describes the areal dimension of grammaticalisation resulting from language contact. It shows that grammaticalisation is a ubiquitous process in language contact which may ... More

Articulatory Processing and Frequency of Use in Sound Change  

Joan L. Bybee

Print publication date:
Nov 2015
Online publication date:
Apr 2015
This chapter discusses the role of articulatory processing in sound change, emphasizing the tendency towards reduction and overlap of articulatory gestures, as well as explanations ... More

Assessing the role of contact in the history of English  

Raymond Hickey

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Language contact has long been the subject of extensive research in linguistics, but has recently been the object of increased attention by scholars working on both the history of English ... More

Attitudes, prescriptivism, and standardization  

Carol Percy

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The prescriptive dictum that some linguistic variants are superior to others has strong roots in the eighteenth-century grammatical tradition. Synthesizing contemporary research on ... More

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