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Ancient Jewish Social Relations  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses the social history of the Jews. It determines the extent Jewish communities possessed an inner-Jewish social structure and looks at the social ties that existed ... More

The Ancient Near East  

Jan N. Bremmer

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter concentrates on influence from Anatolia, as illustrated by recent discoveries regarding the Luwian, Karian, and Lycian languages. These show the survival of various divinities ... More

Art and Imagery  

Tanja Scheer

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Both in the oikos and in public spaces the Greeks encountered numerous visualizations of the divine. If we look at various representations of Athena in Classical Athens it becomes clear ... More

Augustine’s Rhetoric in Theory and Practice  

Catherine Conybeare

Print publication date:
Nov 2017
Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This chapter addresses the complex relationship of Augustine of Hippo with the tradition of classical rhetoric in which he had been educated and in which he excelled. It shows that, ... More

Bactria and India  

Rachel Mairs

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Diverse forms of religious practice coexisted in the Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms. As well as Greek gods and cults imported by Greek settlers in the aftermath of the campaigns of ... More

Belief vs. Practice  

Thomas Harrison

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This chapter discusses the contrast frequently drawn in studies of ancient Greek religion between ritual practice and belief. It looks back, first, at the early history of this contrast, ... More

Children in Athenian Religion  

Robert Garland

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter investigates how Athenian children were placed under the protection of the gods and what services they performed on the gods’ behalf. The successive rituals that adults ... More

China and Greece: Comparisons and Insights  

Lisa Raphals

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Mar 2016
This account of Chinese and Greek religion focuses on three topics that are all of significant interest to both subjects, and that lend themselves to comparison. First is cosmogony and ... More

Christian Apocrypha  

Scott Fitzgerald Johnson

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter considers the definition, genres, and major themes of early Christian apocrypha within the context of the Second Sophistic. Christian fiction surrounding Jesus and the ... More

Christian Society  

Adam H. Becker

Print publication date:
Feb 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the Christian society in the early Roman Empire. It shows how the Christians and Christian community were simultaneously added into and alienated from the broader ... More

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