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Judaism  

Seth Schwartz

Print publication date:
Jun 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
To what extent and in what ways were the Jews integrated in the Roman world? Why was their integration initially so fraught (there were three cataclysmic revolts between 66 and 135 CE), ... More

Manichaeism and Gnosticism in the Papyri  

Cornelia Römer

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The church fathers were appalled in particular by the Gnostics' condemnation of creation. But the fact that much of their teaching was in many respects not so far from Christian dogma must ... More

Monasticism and the Philosophical Heritage  

Samuel Rubenson

Print publication date:
Oct 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article examines the rise of monasticism in Late Antiquity. It reveals the close link between traditional Greek society and culture and the rise of monasticism, based on historical ... More

Plutarch: Philosophy, Religion, and Ethics  

Fred Brenk

Print publication date:
Dec 2017
Online publication date:
Nov 2017
This chapter describes Plutarch’s role as a Middle Platonist in the Second Sophistic. In philosophy he holds a literal interpretation of the Timaeus and often opposes the Stoics and ... More

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