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Abortion and Public Health Ethics  

Mahmoud F. Fathalla

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
There is an ethical imperative to take public health action to eliminate the global problem of unsafe abortion. The moral obligation is dictated by the magnitude of the problem, the health ... More

Absolutism  

Mark Goldie

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Absolutism is a nineteenth-century term designed precisely to address the mismatch between doctrine and power. The intellectual resources of absolutism were far older than the Renaissance ... More

Access to Pregnancy-Related Health Services: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Elana Jaffe, and Margaret Olivia Little

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
Advancing fair access to evidence-based pregnancy-related services is a critical public health priority. It is widely recognized that there are inequalities in lifesaving interventions. ... More

Adam Smith’s Libertarian Paternalism  

James R. Otteson

Print publication date:
Apr 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein argue for “libertarian paternalism,” defined as the strategy to devise policy that will “maintain or increase freedom of choice” and at the same time ... More

Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment  

Emily Brady

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2016
This chapter discusses key issues and questions about aesthetic experience and valuing of natural objects, processes, and phenomena. It begins by exploring the character of environmental, ... More

Affirmative Action for the Future  

James P. Sterba

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Diversity instead of race-based affirmative action developed in the United States from the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke decision in 1978 to the present. There have been ... More

Aging Populations and Public Health Ethics  

Lois Shepherd

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines three primary public health goals relating to elderly populations: promoting healthy aging (including aging in place), reducing health inequities, and extending life ... More

Alcohol and Other Drugs: Public Health Ethics Issues  

Brendan Saloner

Online publication date:
Feb 2019
This chapter examines ethical principles that guide public health intervention to reduce the harms of alcohol and other drugs, including justice-based concerns regarding intervention. ... More

Anarchism  

Marshall Shatz

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Anarchism rejects the state as an inherently despotic institution that must be abolished in order for human nature to flower. This does not mean the absence of social order, however, for ... More

Animal Rights and Political Theory  

Julian Franklin

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
In the ancient world, the idea that killing animals for food is wrong arose mainly from belief in a deep continuity between the animal and human psyche. The underlying thought is that the ... More

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