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Advanced Agriculture  

Kenneth Pomeranz

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
‘Advanced’ agriculture must be advanced relative to something and by some criteria. There is no consensus on what those criteria are, though certainly high yields per acre, and perhaps per ... More

Agriculture  

Peter M. Jones

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The agricultural history of the Ancien Régime is inseparable from the socio-economic history of France between 1660 and 1789 if only for the reason that husbandry remained the principal ... More

Agriculture  

John A. Mears

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
When striving to delineate the contours of the human experience, world historians must highlight the major turning points in the existence of our species. Among the momentous watersheds ... More

Archaeology and Slavery  

Theresa Singleton

Print publication date:
Jul 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Archaeology provides an interdisciplinary approach to the study of slavery that combines analyses of archaeological findings with careful readings of traditional primary sources of ... More

Atlantic Trade and Commodities, 1402–1815  

David Hancock

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews the transfer of goods and services between the continents bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It shows that the demands of long-distance trade, particularly but not solely ... More

Atlantic World 1760–1820: Economic Impact  

Craig Muldrew

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
There would have been no Atlantic world without trade. Throughout this period, the consumption of American-produced sugar, tobacco, and coffee, as well as the use of American gold and ... More

Biological Exchanges in World History  

J. R. McNeill

Print publication date:
Mar 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
One important way in which people have altered environments, and thereby altered their own ecological contexts and their own history, is through biological exchange. Biological exchange ... More

Children's Consumption in History  

Daniel Thomas Cook

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The academic study of children as consumers took root in the 1960s and did not begin in earnest until the 1970s, when the paradigm of ‘consumer socialization’ took hold among ... More

City and Country: Home, Possessions, and Diet, Western Europe 1600–1800  

Dominique Margairaz

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Already in the early modern period, urban elites defined the city as a place of civilization and cultural progress in stark opposition to the brute nature and barbarism associated with the ... More

Class and Sport  

Lewis H. Siegelbaum and Sasu Siegelbaum

Print publication date:
May 2017
Online publication date:
May 2017
The history of sport can be considered an arena in which struggles over ways of doing things have worked themselves out, sometimes to the advantage of one class but occasionally to the ... More

The Clearances and the Transformation of the Scottish Countryside  

Robert Dodgshon

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Underpinning the transformation of the Scottish countryside during the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries, and forming a vital precondition for the Improving Movement, were ... More

Comfort and Convenience: Temporality and Practice  

Elizabeth Shove

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Despite being embedded in the practices and discourses of daily life, comfort and convenience are not terms around which theories and studies of consumption have traditionally revolved. ... More

Commerce  

Silvia Marzagalli

Print publication date:
Nov 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Although in the course of the eighteenth century there emerged in several European countries a desire to set the economy and trade free, in the French case it took the Revolution to sweep ... More

Communism and Economic Modernization  

Mark Harrison

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
May 2013
This article examines the range of national experiences of communist rule in terms of the aspiration to ‘overtake and outstrip the advanced countries economically’. It reviews the causal ... More

Consumer Activism, Consumer Regimes, and the Consumer Movement: Rethinking the History of Consumer Politics in the United States  

Lawrence B. Glickman

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The historiography of consumer society in the United States has matured in the last decade. As David Steigerwald noted in an influential review essay in 2006, ‘consumer interpretations of ... More

Consumer Movements  

Matthew Hilton

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The phenomena of consumer organizing, consumer protesting, consumer activism, and consumer movements are not confined to recent decades. While many consumers have undoubtedly displayed a ... More

Consumption and Well-Being  

Avner Offer

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Consumption defines the standard of living – whether food is hot or cold, whether walls are dry or damp. It is the stuff of desires and dreams. It signals superiority, but also community. ... More

Consumption of Energy  

David E. Nye

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Anthropologists working within a functionalist tradition considered energy to be a fundamental need, along with food, water, and shelter. In 1949, Leslie White argued that systems of ... More

Corporatism and the Economic Order  

Philip Morgan

Print publication date:
Oct 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article takes an unashamedly political line on Italian fascist economic policies, on the grounds that fascism without the politics is barely fascism at all. It attempts to outline ... More

The Demographic Factor  

Michael Anderson

Print publication date:
Jan 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
For its size, Scotland has a very diverse natural environment. Historically, there have also been major regional differences in landholding practices, industrial development, and popular ... More

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