Jennifer Bloomquist, Lisa J. Green, and Sonja L. Lanehart (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of African American Language (OHAAL) provides readers with a wide range of analyses of both traditional and contemporary sociolinguistic research on language use in African American communities. OHAAL is organized into seven parts: Origins and Historical Perspectives; Lects and Variation; Structure and Description; Child Language Acquisition and Development; Education; Language in Society; and Language and Identity. The OHAAL chapters “interact” with one another as contributors frequently refer the reader to further elaboration on and references to related issues and connect their own research to related topics in other chapters to create dialogue about African American Language (AAL), or African American (Vernacular) English, thus affirming the need for collaborative thinking about issues in AAL research. Though OHAAL does not and cannot include every area of research, it is meant to provide suggestions for future work on traditional (e.g., Gullah and sociohistorical origins) and lesser studied areas (e.g., regional variation/heterogeneity) as well as controversial areas (e.g., Education and Ebonics) by highlighting a need for collaborative perspectives and innovative thinking while reasserting the need for better research and communication in areas thought to be resolved.
Robert B. Kaplan (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Applied Linguistics contains thirty-nine articles on a broad range of topics in applied linguistics written by a diverse group of contributors. Its goal is to provide a comprehensive survey of the field, the many connections among its various sub-disciplines, and the likely directions of its future development. The book addresses a broad audience: applied linguists; educators and other scholars working in language acquisition, language learning, language planning, teaching, and testing; and linguists concerned with the applications of their work. The volume systematically encompasses the major areas of applied linguistics and draws from a wide range of disciplines such as education, language policy, bi- and multi-lingualism, literacy, language and gender, psycholinguistics/cognition, language and computers, discourse analysis, language and concordinances, ecology of language, pragmatics, translation, psycholinguistics and cognition, and many other fields. This second edition includes five new articles, and the remaining articles have been revised and updated to give a clear picture of the state of applied linguistics.
Jonathan Owens (ed.)
Arabic is one of the world’s largest languages, spoken natively by about 300 million speakers. It is by a large margin the largest language in Africa (nearly 200 million speakers), and one of the biggest in Asia (120 million). It has been estimated to be the fifth largest language in the world in terms of native speakers. Strength of numbers alone guarantees it communicative centrality in the world language system. This Handbook reflects the full breadth of research on Arabic Linguistics in the West, covering topics such as pidgins and creoles, Arabic second language acquisition, loanwords, Arabic dialects, codeswitching, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, and Arabic lexicography. The Handbook brings together different approaches and scholarly traditions, an invitation to the reader to explore the many faceted world of Arabic Linguistics. The articles in this volume expertly explore the nature of the house of Arabic from many angles. Many argue for specific points of view, others give descriptions of synoptic breadth, while others provide exhaustive overviews of the state of the art. The parts may or may not come together to describe a common structure; they do provide blueprints for a better understanding of it.
Andrej L. Malchukov and Andrew Spencer (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Case provides a comprehensive account of research on case and the morphological and syntactic phenomena associated with it. The semantic roles and grammatical relations indicated by case are fundamental to the whole system of language and have long been a central concern of descriptive and theoretical linguistics. The book opens with an synoptic overview of the main lines of research in the field, which sets out the main issues, challenges, and debates. Articles then report on the state of play in theoretical, typological, diachronic, and psycholinguistic research. They assess cross-linguistic work on case and case systems and evaluate a variety of theoretical approaches. They also examine current issues and debates from historical, areal, socio-linguistic, and psycholinguistic perspectives. The final part of the book consists of a set of overview articles of case systems representative of some of the world's major language families.
William S-Y. Wang and Chaofen Sun (eds)
The term "Chinese Linguistics" in the title of this Handbook refers to research done on the languages of China, both theoretical and applied. Chinese Linguistics has a long and honored tradition, starting with philosophical discussions on the nature of names by Confucius. Several empirical investigations in Chinese Linguistics followed the philosophical discussions on the nature of language in the Confucian tradition, each a landmark in its own way in ancient China. This Handbook contains eight sections: (1) history, (2) languages and dialects, (3) language contact, (4) morphology, (5) syntax, (6) phonetics and phonology, (7) socio-cultural aspects, and (8) neuro-psychological aspects. It provides not only a diachronic view of how languages evolve, but also a synchronic view of how languages in contact enrich each other by borrowing new words, calquing loan translation, and even developing new syntactic structures. Traditional linguistic studies of grammar and phonology are joined with empirical evidence from psycholinguistics and cognitive neurosciences. In addition to research on the Chinese language and its major dialect groups, this Handbook covers studies on sign languages and non-Sinitic languages, such as the Austronesian languages spoken in Taiwan. This is the first Handbook that deals with Chinese Linguistics from a broad multidisciplinary perspective. It is a combined effort from scholars working on this field in different parts of the world, including Greater China, Japan, Korea, North America, and Europe.
Dirk Geeraerts and Hubert Cuyckens (eds)
This book presents a comprehensive overview of the main theoretical concepts and descriptive/theoretical models of cognitive linguistics, and covers its various subfields, theoretical as well as applied. It starts with a set of articles discussing different conceptual phenomena that are recognized as key concepts in cognitive linguistics: prototypicality, metaphor, metonymy, embodiment, perspectivization, mental spaces, etc. A second set of articles deals with cognitive grammar, construction grammar, and word grammar, which, each in their own way, bring together the basic concepts into a particular theory of grammar and a specific model for the description of grammatical phenomena. Special attention is given to the interrelation between cognitive and construction grammar. A third set of articles compares cognitive linguistics with other forms of linguistic research (functional linguistics, autonomous linguistics, and the history of linguistics), thus aiming to provide a better grip on the position of cognitive linguistics within the landscape of linguistics at large. The remaining articles apply these basic notions to various more specific linguistic domains, illustrating how cognitive linguistics deals with the traditional linguistic subdomains (phonology, morphology, lexicon, syntax, text, and discourse), and demonstrating how it handles linguistic variation and change. Finally, the book considers its importance in the domain of applied linguistics, and looks at interdisciplinary links with research fields such as philosophy and psychology.
Guglielmo Cinque and Richard S. Kayne (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax serves two functions: it will provide a general and theoretical introduction to comparative syntax, its methodology, and its relation to other domains of linguistic inquiry; and it will provide a systematic selection of the best comparative work available on those language groups and families where substantial progress has been achieved. Comparison across formal languages is an essential part of formal linguistics. The study of closely related varieties has proven extremely useful in comparing differences that might otherwise appear unrelated, and has helped to identify the core principles of Universal Grammar.
Wolfram Hinzen, Edouard Machery, and Markus Werning (eds)
Compositionality is a key concept in linguistics, the philosophy of mind and language, and throughout the cognitive sciences. Understanding how it works is a central element of syntactic and semantic analysis, and a challenge for models of cognition. In this book, scholars from every relevant field report on the state of the art in all aspects of the subject. They reveal the connections in different lines of research, and highlight its most challenging problems and opportunities. The force and justification of compositionality have long been contentious. First proposed by Frege as the notion that the meaning of an expression is generally determined by the meaning and syntax of its parts, it has since been deployed as a constraint on the relation between theories of syntax and semantics, as a means of analysis, and, more recently, as underlying the structures of representational systems such as computer programs and neural architectures. This Handbook explores these and many other dimensions of one of the most exciting fields in the study of language and cognition.
Rochelle Lieber and Pavol Štekauer (eds)
This book presents a comprehensive review of theoretical work on the linguistics and psycholinguistics of compound words and combines it with a series of surveys of compounding in a variety of languages from a wide range of language families. Compounding is an effective way to create and express new meanings. Compound words are segmentable into their constituents so that new items can often be understood on first presentation. However, as keystone, keynote, and keyboard, and breadboard, sandwich-board, and mortarboard show, the relation between components is often far from straightforward. The question then arises as to how far compound sequences are analysed at each encounter and how far they are stored in the brain as single lexical items. The nature and processing of compounds thus offer an unusually direct route to how language operates in the mind, as well as providing the means of investigating important aspects of morphology and lexical semantics, and insights to child language acquisition and the organization of the mental lexicon. The book reports on the state of the art in these and other central topics, including the classification and typology of compounds, and approaches to cross-linguistic research on the subject from generative and non-generative, and synchronic and diachronic perspectives.
Ruslan Mitkov (ed.)
This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note that the online publication date for this handbook is the date that the first article in the title was published online. For more information, please read the site FAQs.
Thomas Hoffmann and Graeme Trousdale (eds)
This handbook presents a comprehensive account of current work on Construction Grammar, its theoretical foundations, and its applications to and relationship with other kinds of linguistic enquiry. This volume is divided into five sections. The first section highlights the fundamental assumptions shared by all constructionist approaches; the second describes the particular frameworks in which the notion of constructions plays a central role; the third illustrates how constructionist approaches can be used for the analysis of all types of (morpho)syntactic phenomena from the lexicon?syntax cline; the fourth discusses the psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic underpinnings of Construction Grammar; and the final section considers the relation of Construction Grammar to language variation and change. The handbook also traces the history of Construction Grammar and explains its distinction from Chomskyan Mainstream Generative Grammar.
Jacques Durand, Ulrike Gut, and Gjert Kristoffersen (eds)
This handbook introduces the field of corpus phonology: the employment of purpose-built phonologically annotated spoken language corpora for studying a wide range of phonological and phonetic phenomena. These include speakers’ and listeners’ acquisition and knowledge of the sound system of their native language and foreign languages as well as the laws underlying those systems. The field of corpus phonology combines methods and theoretical approaches from phonology, both diachronic and synchronic, phonetics, corpus linguistics, speech technology, information technology and computer science, mathematics, and statistics. The book is divided into four parts: the first deals with the design characteristics, creation, transcription, exploitation, and archiving of phonological corpora; the second presents current corpus-based research in phonetics, phonology, language variation, and language acquisition. In Part III, the most widely used tools for corpus compilation and exploitation are introduced, and Part IV contains descriptions of ten currently available phonological corpora in various languages.
Rochelle Lieber and Pavol Štekauer (eds)
This handbook is intended as a companion volume to the Oxford Handbook of Compounding (OUP, 2009), aiming to provide a comprehensive and thorough overview of the study of derivational morphology. It examines theoretical and definitional matters, formal and semantic issues, interdisciplinary connections and detailed descriptions of derivational processes in a wide range of language families. It presents the reader with the current state of the art in the study of derivational morphology. The handbook begins with an overview and a consideration of definitional matters, distinguishing derivation from inflection on the one hand and compounding on the other. From a formal perspective, the handbook treats affixation (prefixation, suffixation, infixation, circumfixation, etc.), conversion, reduplication, root and pattern and other templatic processes, as well as prosodic and subtractive means of forming new words. From a semantic perspective, it looks at the processes that form various types of adjectives, adverbs, nouns, and verbs, as well as evaluatives and the rarer processes that form function words. Chapters are devoted to issues of theory, methodology, the historical development of derivation, and to child language acquistion, sociolinguistic, experimental and psycholinguistic approaches. The second half of the book surveys derivation in fifteen language families that are widely dispersed in terms of both geographical location and typological characteristics. It ends with a consideration of both areal tendencies in derivation and the issue of universals.
Jeffrey L. Lidz, William Snyder, and Joe Pater (eds)
This handbook provides a thorough and systematic investigation of the question of how we come to know a language. Researchers from all over the world explore the leading research questions within developmental linguistics, which include: What does the newborn child bring to the task of language acquisition? What information must the child extract from her linguistic input? And how does biological maturation interact with the child’s developing linguistic abilities? In the main body of the handbook, each chapter addresses a single area of grammatical knowledge, such as syllable structure, negation, or binding theory, and begins with an overview of the fundamental generalizations that guide current linguistic analyses and the features of grammatical representation that these generalizations entail. This is followed by a consideration of language learnability; a review of the relevant acquisition literature organized according to target language, age range of the child, and research methodology; and, finally, a discussion of a series of broader questions, such as: Do the experimental findings that were reviewed in the chapter favour a particular approach to the logical problem of language learnability? In what ways, if any, does the child’s knowledge surpass the information directly available from the input? In what ways can innate structure make the input more informative? Likewise, are there ways in which the child’s knowledge seems more limited than expected, given the richness of the available input?
Jessica Coon, Diane Massam, and Lisa Demena Travis (eds)
As any quick survey of the syntactic literature will show, there are almost as many different views of ergativity as there are so-called ergative languages (languages whose basic clause structure instantiates an ergative case-marking or agreement pattern). While ergativity is sometimes referred to as a typological characteristic of languages, research on the phenomenon has made it more and more clear that (a) languages do not fall clearly into one or the other of the ergative/absolutive vs. nominative/accusative categories and (b) ergative characteristics are not consistent from language to language. This volume contributes to both the theoretical and descriptive literature on ergativity and adds results from experimental investigations of ergativity. The chapters cover overview approaches within generative, typological, and functional paradigms, as well as approaches to the core morpho-syntactic building blocks of an ergative construction (absolutive case and licensing, and ergative case and licensing); common related constructions (anti-passive); common related properties (split-ergativity, syntactic vs. morphological ergativity, word order, the interaction of agreement patterns and ergativity); and extensions and permutations of ergativity (nominalizations, voice systems). While the editors all work within the generative framework and investigate the syntactic properties of ergativity through fieldwork, and many of the chapters represent similar research, there are also chapters representing different frameworks (functional, typological) and different approaches (experimental, diachronic). The theoretical chapters touch on many different languages representing a wide range of language families, and there are sixteen case studies that are more descriptive in nature, attesting to both the pervasiveness and diversity of ergative patterns.
Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald (ed.)
Every language has a way of saying how one knows what one is talking about, and what one thinks about what one knows. In some languages, one always has to specify the information source on which it is based—whether the speaker saw the event, or heard it, or inferred it based on something seen or on common sense, or was told about it by someone else. This is the essence of evidentiality, or grammatical marking of information source—an exciting category loved by linguists, journalists, and the general public. This volume provides a state-of-the art view of evidentiality in its various guises, their role in cognition and discourse, child language acquisition, language contact, and language history, with a specific focus on languages which have grammatical evidentials, including numerous languages from North and South America, Eurasia and the Pacific, and also Japanese, Korean, and signed languages.
Bernd Heine and Heiko Narrog (eds)
This book presents research on grammaticalization, the process by which lexical items acquire grammatical function, grammatical items get additional functions, and grammars are created. Scholars from around the world introduce and discuss the core theoretical and methodological bases of grammaticalization, report on work in the field, and point to promising directions for new research. They represent every relevant theoretical perspective and approach. Research on grammaticalization and its role in linguistic change encompasses work on languages from every major linguistic family. Its results offer insights for all theoretical frameworks, including generative, construction, and cognitive grammar, and relates to work in fields such as phonology, sociolinguistics, and language acquisition. The book provides a full, critical assessment of every aspect of this research. It is divided into five parts, of which the first two are devoted to theory and method, the third and fourth to work in linguistic domains, classes, and categories, and the fifth to case studies of grammaticalization in a range of languages.
Patrick Honeybone and Joseph Salmons (eds)
This book presents a comprehensive and critical overview of historical phonology as it stands today. Research from every part of the field is examined from a variety of theoretical perspectives and drawing on data from a wide range of languages. The book begins by considering key current research questions, the early history of the field, and the structuralist context for work on sound change. In the second part, chapters examine evidence and methods, including phonological reconstruction, typology, and computational and quantitative approaches. Part III looks at types of phonological change, including stress, tone, and morphophonological change. Part IV explores a series of controversial aspects within the field, including the effects of first language acquisition, the mechanisms of lexical diffusion, and the role of individuals in innovation. Part V considers theoretical perspectives on phonological change, including those of evolutionary phonology and generative historical phonology. The final part examines sociolinguistic and exogenous factors in phonological change, including the study of change in real time, the role of second language acquisition, and loanword adaptation.
Matthew Baerman (ed.)
Inflection is the expression of grammatical information through changes in word forms. This confrontation between general principles of syntactic organization and the often idiosyncratic properties of words has brought about systems whose properties—among them an often high degree of complexity—are an important object of investigation in their own right. Because it is something that many languages happily do without, inflection has a curious and often contentious status within linguistics. But even so, there is a fascinating and well-delimited set of facts out there to be explored, for which this handbook will be a guide. The volume is made up of twenty-four chapters, which together take a theoretically ecumenical approach, with particular attention paid to draw the examples from a wide variety of languages. The first section covers the fundamental building blocks of inflectional form and content: morphemes, features, and means of exponence. The second section focuses on what is probably the most characteristic property of inflectional systems, paradigmatic structure, and the non-trivial nature of the mapping between function and form. The third section covers change and variation over time, and the fourth section covers computational issues from a theoretical and practical standpoint. Section five addresses psycholinguistic questions. The final section is devoted to sketches of individual inflectional systems, illustrating a range of typological possibilities across a genetically diverse set of languages from Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Australia, Europe, and South America.
Caroline Féry and Shinichiro Ishihara (eds)
This book offers a clear, critical, and comprehensive overview of theoretical and experimental work on information structure. Different chapters examine the main theories of information structure in syntax, phonology, and semantics as well as perspectives from psycholinguistics and other relevant fields. Following the editors’ introduction the book is divided into four parts. The first, on theories of and theoretical perspectives on information structure, includes chapters on topic, prosody, and implicature. Part II covers a range of current issues in the field, including focus, quantification, and sign languages, while Part III is concerned with experimental approaches to information structure, including processes involved in its acquisition and comprehension. The final part contains a series of linguistic case studies drawn from a wide variety of the world’s language families.
Shigeru Miyagawa (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Linguistics captures the excitement that comes from answering the question, “What can Japanese say about Universal Grammar?” Each of the eighteen articles takes up a topic in syntax, morphology, acquisition, processing, phonology, or information structure, and, first of all, lays out the core data, followed by critical discussion of the various approaches found in the literature. Each article ends with a section on how the study of the particular phenomenon in Japanese contributes to our knowledge of general linguistic theory.
Abigail C. Cohn, Cécile Fougeron, and Marie K. Huffman (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Laboratory Phonology provides coverage of research in laboratory phonology. Laboratory phonology denotes a research perspective, not a specific theory: it represents a broad community of scholars dedicated to bringing interdisciplinary experimental approaches and methods to bear on how spoken language is structured, learned, and used; it draws on a wide range of tools and concepts from cognitive and natural sciences. This book describes the investigative approaches, disciplinary perspectives, and methods deployed in laboratory phonology, and highlights the most promising areas of current research. Part One introduces the history, nature, and aims of laboratory phonology. The remaining four parts cover central issues in research done within this perspective, as well as methodological resources used for investigating these issues. Articles in this volume address how laboratory phonology approaches have provided insight into human speech and language structure and how theoretical questions and methodologies are intertwined. This text builds on the foundation of knowledge amassed in linguistics, speech research, and allied disciplines.
Lawrence M. Solan and Peter M. Tiersma (eds)
This publication provides an account of past and current research in the interface between linguistics and law. It outlines the range of legal areas in which linguistics plays an increasing role, and describes the tools and approaches used by linguists and lawyers in this field. Through a combination of overview articles, case studies, and theoretical descriptions, the volume addresses areas such as the history and structure of legal languages, multilingualism and language rights, courtroom discourse, forensic identification, intellectual property and linguistics, and legal translation and interpretation. Encyclopedic in scope, it includes articles written by experts from every continent, who are familiar with linguistic issues which arise in diverse legal systems, including both civil and common law jurisdictions, mixed systems such as that of China, and the emerging law of the European Union.
Ofelia García, Nelson Flores, and Massimiliano Spotti (eds)
This book challenges basic concepts that have informed the study of sociolinguistics since its inception in the 1960s. It challenges the modernist positivist perspective of the field that has treated languages and speech communities as bounded and the idealized native speaker as the ultimate authority. In its place it proposes a critical poststructuralist perspective that examines the socio-historical context that led to the emergence of dominant sociolinguistic concepts and develops new theoretical and methodological tools that challenge these dominant concepts. The contributors to this volume take this critical poststructuralist perspective as a starting point for engaging in explorations of a range of sociolinguistic topics, including language variation, language ideologies, bi/multilingualism, language policy, linguistic landscapes, and multimodality. Each of the contributors provides a critical overview of the limits of modernist positivist perspectives on his or her topic and offers ways of theorizing and researching the topic in ways that are aligned with a critical poststructuralist perspective. The book also provides a global perspective on these issues, with contributors focused on North and South America, Europe, Australia, and Africa. Together, the interdisciplinary and global contributions reveal the limits of conventional approaches to sociolinguistics and offer a glimpse into directions for the future of the field.
Kathleen R. Gibson and Maggie Tallerman (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Language Evolution presents critical accounts of every aspect of the field. The book’s five parts are devoted to insights from comparative animal behaviour; the biology of language evolution (anatomy, genetics, and neurology); the prehistory of language (when and why did language evolve?); the development of a linguistic species; and language creation, transmission, and change. Research on language evolution has burgeoned over the last three decades. Interdisciplinary activity has produced fundamental advances in the understanding of language evolution and in human and primate evolution more generally. This book presents a wide-ranging summation of work in all the disciplines involved. It highlights the links in different lines of research, shows what has been achieved to date, and considers the most promising directions for future work.
Philip Durkin (ed.)
This book provides a guide to the most significant contours in the geography of the lexicographical world, as well as offering series of eye-witness accounts of the major issues confronting lexicographers and the users of dictionaries today. Part I considers the synchronic dictionary, and especially three characteristic types: (1) the dictionary for the general readership (many people’s conception of ‘the dictionary’); (2) the monolingual dictionary intended for L2 learners; and (3) the bilingual dictionary. These are placed together so that, after their distinctive features have been set out, common areas of methodology can be considered together, in particular the central role of the corpus in lexicography of this type today. Such dictionaries are normally also synchronic, and are typically intended for a mass market, and produced by commercial publishers. Part II deals with historical dictionaries, typically edited within an academic institution and published by an academic press, and typically intended for a more specialist readership. A diachronic perspective produces particular structural and presentational challenges, so that one can identify methods and procedures that distinguish ‘diachronic lexicography’ from ‘synchronic lexicography’. In Part III a set of slightly shorter chapters examine some of the most important types of specialist dictionaries and their salient qualities and methodologies, focusing on what sets each area apart, but also on the perspectives it brings to the wider lexicographical world. Part IV examines some topics common to various different types of lexicography, and some of the challenges and debates that cross the boundaries of sub-fields.
Bernd Heine and Heiko Narrog (eds)
This handbook aims at offering an authoritative and state-of-the art survey of current approaches to the analysis of human languages, serving as a source of reference for scholars and graduate students. The main objective of the handbook is to provide the reader with a convenient means of comparing and evaluating the main approaches that exist in contemporary linguistics. Each of the chapters is devoted to one particular approach, theory, model, program, or framework of linguistics.
Nicholas Thieberger (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Fieldwork offers a guide to linguistic fieldwork reflecting the collaborative nature of the field across the subfields of linguistics and disciplines such as astronomy, anthropology, biology, musicology, and ethnography. Experienced scholars and fieldworkers explain the methods and approaches needed to understand a language in its full cultural context and to document it accessibly and enduringly. Articles consider the application of new technological approaches to recording and documentation, but never lose sight of the crucial relationship between subject and researcher. The book is timely: an increased awareness of dying languages and vanishing dialects has stimulated the impetus for recording them as well as the funds required to do so.
Gillian Ramchand and Charles Reiss (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Interfaces explores how the core components of the language faculty interact. It examines how these interactions are reflected in linguistic and cognitive theory, considers what they reveal about the operations of language within the mind, and looks at their reflections in expression and communication. International scholars present accounts of developments in the interfaces between phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. They bring to bear a rich variety of methods and theoretical perspectives, focus on a broad array of issues and problems, and illustrate their arguments from a wide range of the world's languages. After the editors' introduction to its structure, scope, and content, the book is divided into four parts. The first, Sound, is concerned with the interfaces between phonetics and phonology, phonology and morphology, and phonology and syntax. Part II, Structure, considers the interactions of syntax with morphology, semantics, and the lexicon, and explores the status of the word and its representational status in the mind. Part III, Meaning, revisits the syntax–semantics interface from the perspective of compositionality, and looks at issues concerned with intonation, discourse, and context. In the final part of the book, General Architectural Concerns, the authors examine work on Universal Grammar, the overall model of language, and linguistic and associated theories of language and cognition.
Cedric Boeckx (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Minimalism provides a complete assessment of the achievements and challenges of the Minimalist Program. Established fifteen years ago by Noam Chomsky, with the aim of making all statements about language as simple and general as possible, linguistic minimalism is now at the centre of efforts to understand how the human language faculty operates in the mind and manifests itself in languages. In the book, researchers from all over the world explore the origins of the program, the course of its sometimes highly technical research, and its connections with other disciplines, such as parallel developments in fields like developmental biology, cognitive science, computational science, and philosophy of mind. The authors examine every aspect of the enterprise, show how each part relates to the whole, and set out current methodological and theoretical issues and proposals. The various articles in the book trace the development of minimalist ideas in linguistics, highlight their significance and distinctive character, and relate minimalist research and aims to those in parallel fields. They focus on core aspects in syntax, including feature, case, phrase structure, derivations, and representations; and on interface issues within the grammar. The articles also take minimalism outside the domain of grammar to consider its role in closely related biolinguistic projects, including the evolution of mind and language, and the relation between language and thought.
Jae Jung Song (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Language Typology provides a critical overview of work in linguistic typology. It examines the directions and challenges of research, and shows how these reflect and inform work on the development of linguistic theory. The handbook describes what typologists have revealed about language in general, and what they have discovered (and continue to discover) about the richly various ways in which meaning and expression are achieved in the world's languages. Typological research extends across all branches of linguistics. The degree to which the characteristics of language are universal or particular is crucial to the understanding of language and its relation to human nature and culture.
Jan Nuyts and Johan Van Der Auwera (eds)
This handbook offers an in depth and comprehensive state of the art survey of the linguistic domains of modality and mood and examines the full range of methodological and theoretical approaches to the phenomena involved. Following an opening section that provides an introduction and historical background to the topic, the volume is divided into five parts. Parts 1 and 2 present the basic linguistic facts about the systems of modality and mood in the languages of the world, covering the semantics and the expression of different subtypes of modality and mood respectively. The authors also examine the interaction of modality and mood, mutually and with other semantic categories such as aspect, time, negation, and evidentiality. In Part 3, authors discuss the features of the modality and mood systems in five typologically different language groups, while chapters in Part 4 deal with wider perspectives on modality and mood: diachrony, areality, first language acquisition, and sign language. Finally, Part 5 looks at how modality and mood are handled in different theoretical approaches: formal syntax, functional linguistics, cognitive linguistics and construction grammar, and formal semantics.
Carole Hough (ed.)
Names are a linguistic universal. All known languages make use of names—most commonly, but not exclusively, to identify individual people and places. This volume provides an up-to-date account of the state of the art in different areas of name studies, otherwise known as ‘onomastics’. The main focus throughout is on general principles and methodologies, and although all contributions are written in English, they encompass a wide range of languages and cultures across the world. The volume is divided into seven parts, dealing with the main branches of name studies in roughly chronological order of emergence. Part I discusses the role of names in language (name theory), a key focus of investigation since Ancient Greece. Part II deals with place-names, with an opening chapter on methodology followed by chapters on different types of referents. Part III addresses personal names, with an overview of naming systems in different parts of the world followed by chapters on individual components of those systems. Part IV discusses the study of names in literature, with case studies from different languages and time periods. Part V introduces the field of socio-onomastics, with chapters relating to the names of people, places, and commercial products. Part VI outlines ways in which other disciplines draw on, and contribute to, name studies. Finally, Part VII presents a selection of animate and inanimate referents, and explores the naming strategies adopted for them.
Michael Fortescue, Marianne Mithun, and Nicholas Evans (eds)
This handbook offers an extensive cross-linguistic and cross-theoretical survey of polysynthetic languages, in which single multi-morpheme verb forms can express what would be whole sentences in English. These languages and the problems they raise for linguistic analyses have long featured prominently in language descriptions, and yet the essence of polysynthesis remains under discussion, right down to whether it delineates a distinct, coherent type, rather than an assortment of frequently co-occurring traits. Chapters in the first part of the handbook relate polysynthesis to other issues central to linguistics, such as complexity, the definition of the word, the nature of the lexicon, idiomaticity, and to typological features such as argument structure and head marking. Part II contains areal studies of those geographical regions of the world where polysynthesis is particularly common, such as the Arctic and Sub-Arctic and northern Australia. The third part examines diachronic topics such as language contact and language obsolence, while Part IV looks at acquisition issues in different polysynthetic languages. Finally, Part V contains detailed grammatical descriptions of over twenty languages which have been characterized as polysynthetic, with special attention given to the presence or absence of potentially criterial features.
Yan Huang (ed.)
The best one-volume overview of the field ever published, The Oxford Handbook of Pragmatics brings together the world’s most distinguished scholars to present an authoritative, comprehensive, thorough, and yet accessible state-of-the-art survey of current original research in pragmatics—the study of language use in context, one of the most vibrant and rapidly growing fields in linguistics and the philosophy of language. Covering a wider range of subjects than any other one-volume pragmatics handbook on the market, this one is divided into five thematic parts. Part I is concerned with schools of thought, foundations, and theories. Part II deals with central topics, with chapters discussing implicature, presupposition, speech acts, deixis, reference, and context. Cognitively oriented (macro-)pragmatics, such as computational, experimental, and neuropragmatics, is the topic of Part III. Part IV takes a look at socially and/or culturally oriented (macro-)pragmatics, such as politeness/impoliteness studies, cross- and intercultural, and interlanguage pragmatics. Finally, the chapters in Part V explore the interfaces of pragmatics with semantics, grammar, morphology (morphopragmatics), the lexicon (lexical pragmatics), prosody, language change (historical pragmatics), and information structure. The handbook will be an indispensable reference for scholars and students of linguistics and the philosophy of language, and a valuable resource for researchers and students of language working in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, computer science, anthropology, and sociology.
Robert Bayley, Richard Cameron, and Ceil Lucas (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Sociolinguistics contains forty chapters dealing with a great variety of topics in the study of language and society. It presents the major theoretical approaches in particular bilingual and multilingual contexts, and both spoken and signed languages. The volume not only offers an up-to-date guide to the diverse areas of the study of language in society, but also numerous guideposts to where the field is headed. The first section examines the contributions of the various disciplines that have contributed to the sociolinguistic enterprise. The second section deals with methods, a central concern of a discipline that bases its conclusions on evidence drawn from the real world of social interaction. The third section deals directly with a number of issues in multilingualism and language contact. The fourth section focuses on a core area of sociolinguistics: the study of language variation and change. The fifth section focuses on macrosociolinguistics and explores language policy, ideology, and attitudes in a wide range of contexts. The final section of the volume discusses sociolinguistics in a number of different domains including law, medicine, sign-language interpretation, language awareness, language revitalization, and social activism.
Robert I. Binnick (ed.)
Tense and aspect are means by which language refers to time—how an event takes place in the past, present, or future. They play a key role in understanding the grammar and structure of all languages, and interest in them reaches across linguistics. This publication is a comprehensive guide to the topics and theories that currently form the front line of research into tense, aspect, and related areas. It contains thirty-six articles, written by experts in theoretical linguistics, and is divided into six sections that cover: contexts, perspectives, tense, aspect, aspect and diathesis, and modality.
Terttu Nevalainen and Elizabeth Closs Traugott (eds)
This handbook takes stock of recent advances in the history of English, the most studied language in the field of diachronic linguistics. Not only does ample and invaluable data exist due to English’s status as a global language, but the availability of large electronic corpora has also allowed historical linguists to analyze more of this data than ever before, and to rethink standard assumptions about language history and the methods and approaches to its study. In 68 chapters from specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics, this handbook presents the field in an innovative way, setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, and rethinking the evidence of language change in English over the centuries. It considers issues of the development of Englishes, including creole and pidgin varieties. It presents various approaches from language contact and typology and rethinks the categorization of language, including interfaces with information structure. The book highlights the recent and ongoing developments of Englishes in Africa, Asia, and Australia, and celebrates the vitality of language change over time, in various contexts, cultures, and societies, and through many different processes.
Keith Allan (ed.)
In the Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics leading scholars from around the world explore and discuss the complex of interconnected approaches, skills, and tasks that has characterized the study of language for more than two-and-a-half millennia. These include: understanding how languages originate and change; describing the nature and development of signing and writing systems; investigations of human speech sounds; the description and recording of grammars and lexicons; and explaining the nature of language and its roles in communication, learning, and culture. The endeavor to explain the nature of language and its relation to the world has remained remarkably constant throughout time, scholars and teachers returning to the same or similar problems throughout the ages. The concepts, methods, and findings of previous generations are of great intrinsic interest and also offer valuable insights to current researchers. The Oxford Handbook of the History of Linguistics makes a significant contribution to the historiography of linguistics and at the same time offers a range of expert perspectives on past and current problems and debates.
John R Taylor (ed.)
The word is central to both naïve and expert theories of language. Yet the definition of word remains problematic. The 42 chapters of this Handbook offer a variety of perspectives on this most basic and elusive of linguistic units. Topic ranges from the presentation of words in works of reference (dictionaries and thesauri), the statistical properties of words in text (frequency and length distributions), the internal structure of words, their categorization into parts of speech, and their role in theories of phonology, syntax, and semantics. Also addressed are multi-word units, the dynamic relation between words and their neighbours, the structure of vocabularies, and the ways in which words and vocabularies change over time. Separate sections are devoted to the representation of words in the mental lexicon, their acquisition (by first language learners and in second language pedagogy), and the distinctive properties of names. Words are the objects of games, and a chapter is devoted to the ways in which the various properties of words are exploited in the ever popular pastime of the cryptic crossword puzzle. A final chapter emphasises the elusiveness, and persistence, of this linguistic category. Written by experts, but with an eye on the general reader, the book will appeal not only to professional linguists, but also to a wider audience, in fact to anyone who shares a fascination with words.
Kirsten Malmkjær and Kevin Windle (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Translation Studies covers the history of the theory and practice of translation from Cicero to the digital age. It examines all major processes of translation, offers critical accounts of research, and compares competing theoretical perspectives. It considers all kinds of translation from sacred texts, poetry, fiction, and sign language to remote, consecutive, and simultaneous interpretation in legal, diplomatic, and commercial contexts. The two opening parts of the book consider the history of translation theory and central concepts in the study of translation. Parts III, IV, and V cover the written text, the interpretation of speech and sign language, and the role of translation in mixed-mode and multimedia contexts. Part VI considers the contributions and challenges of information technology including the uses and limitations of machine technology. The final part looks at the teaching and training of translators and interpreters. The book concludes with a bibliography and index.
Ian Roberts (ed.)
The idea that all languages show affinities in their organisation, and particularly in grammar, is not a new one. It arguably originates in the thought of Plato and Aristotle, and manifests in medieval scholastic philosophy, in the 17th-century Port-Royal grammarians, and in modern linguistic theory. In modern linguistics, the concept of a universal set of structural principles that underlies the superficial grammatical diversity of the world’s languages has been most influentially developed by Noam Chomsky. The primary goal of this Handbook is to provide an overview and guide to this aspect of Chomsky’s thinking, to set Chomsky’s ideas in context, to look at their motivation, and to consider their implications. The Handbook is divided into five parts. Part I deals with the philosophical questions related to Universal Grammar (UG), Part II deals with general questions of linguistic theory, Part II with language acquisition, Part IV with comparative syntax and Part V with wider issues.
Markku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, and Devyani Sharma (eds)
As the most documented language in human history, English holds a unique key to unlocking some of the mysteries of that uniquely human endowment: language. Yet the field of World Englishes has remained somewhat marginal in linguistic theory and vice versa. This collection calls for more direct and mutually constructive engagement with current linguistic theories, questions, and methodologies. It aims to achieve this through a design that combines areal overviews, theoretical chapters, and case studies. The thirty-six chapters are divided into four thematic parts: Foundations, World Englishes and Linguistic Theory, Areal Profiles, and Case Studies. Part I sets out the complex history of the global spread of English, which has given rise to the extraordinary regional variation we see today. This is followed, in Part II, by chapters addressing the mutual relevance and importance of World Englishes and numerous theoretical subfields of Linguistics, ranging from phonology and syntax to sociolinguistics and language contact. Part III offers detailed accounts of the structure and social histories of specific varieties of English spoken across the globe, highlighting points of theoretical interest. The collection closes with a set of case studies that exemplify the type of analysis encouraged by the volume. As attention is focused on innovative work at the interface of dialect description and theoretical explanation, the book is more succinct in its treatment of applied themes, which are given complementary coverage in other works.