Lawrence D. Bobo, Lisa Crooms-Robinson, Linda Darling-Hammond, Michael C. Dawson, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Gerald Jaynes, and Claude Steele (eds)
When newly liberated African American slaves attempted to enter the marketplace and exercise their rights as citizens of the United States in 1865, few, if any, Americans expected that, a century and a half later, the class divide between black and white Americans would be as wide as it is today. The United States has faced several potential key turning points in the status of African Americans over the course of its history, yet at each of these points the prevailing understanding of African Americans and their place in the economic and political fabric of the country was at best contested and resolved on the side of second-class citizenship. This text seeks to answer the question of what the United States would look like today if, at the end of the Civil War, freed slaves had been granted full political, social, and economic rights. It does so by tracing the historical evolution of African American experiences, from the dawn of Reconstruction onward, through the perspectives of sociology, political science, law, economics, education, and psychology. As a whole, the book is a systematic study of the gap between the promise and performance of African Americans since 1865. Over the course of thirty-four articles, written by scholars of African American studies and across every major social discipline, the book presents a portrait of the particular hurdles faced by African Americans.
Peter John, Karen Mossberger, and Susan E. Clarke (eds)
This publication is an authoritative volume on an established subject in political science and the academy more generally: Urban politics and urban studies. It provides a collection of contemporary analyses of urban politics. The editors are all recognized experts, and are well connected to the leading scholars in urban politics. The volume covers the major themes that animate the subfield: The politics of space and place; power and governance; urban policy; urban social organization; citizenship and democratic governance; representation and institutions; approaches and methodology; and the future of urban politics. Given the caliber of the editors and contributors, it sets the intellectual agenda for years to come.
Charles S. Bullock III and Mark J. Rozell (eds)
The unique political history of the Southern United States is rooted in the fact that it is the only region to have ever taken up arms against the national government. While the resources of the North prevailed after the four bloody years of the Civil War, the consequences of the practice of slavery and the bitter loss experienced by the South continue to shape southern politics a century and a half later. The twenty-three articles included in this book present the factors that contribute to this region's distinctive politics, examining these in the context of the South's political development since World War II. Following an introductory article, five articles survey the past seventy-five years of the region's political history, looking in particular at the Civil Rights Movement, urbanization of the South, and the area's economy and changing demographics. Four articles then take a closer look at the influence of particular demographics, including religious conservatives, women, and Latinos. This is followed by articles on the rise of the Republican Party, southern political attitudes, and political and economic development in the Southern Black Belt. Subsequent articles examine political parties, voting and elections, including party organizations and activists, the mainstreaming of the Republican Party, realignment, party building, and Deep South politics.
Randall Crane and Rachel Weber (eds)
This publication is an authoritative volume on planning, a long-established professional social science discipline in the United States and throughout the world. Edited by professors at two planning institutes in the United States, it collects together over forty-five noted field experts to discuss three key questions: Why plan? How and what do we plan? Who plans for whom? These questions are then applied across three major topics in planning: States, Markets, and the Provision of Social Goods; The Methods and Substance of Planning; and Agency, Implementation, and Decision Making. This text covers the key components of the discipline.
George C. Edwards III and William G. Howell (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency aims to help scholars assess the state of scholarship on the presidency and the directions in which it needs to move. As the central feature of the American political landscape, it is only natural that scholars and commentators focus on the presidency. So much is written about the subject, in fact, that it is often difficult to know where we stand in our understanding of it. In this Handbook, nearly three dozen articles critically assess both the major contributions to the literature on the dimension of the presidency and the ways in which the literature has developed. Each article seeks to identify weaknesses in the existing literature be they logical flaws, methodological errors, oversights, or some combination therein and to offer their views about especially productive lines of future inquiry. Equally important, the articles also identify areas of research that are unlikely to bear additional fruit. These articles offer a distinctive point of view, an argument about the successes and failures of past scholarship, and a set of recommendations about how future work ought to develop. The Handbook is one volume in the series of The Oxford Handbooks of American Politics an eight-volume set of reference books offering authoritative and engaging critical overviews of the state of scholarship on American politics.
Yves Boyer and Julian Lindley-French (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of War provides an analysis of war in the twenty-first century. With over forty authors from academia, government and the armed forces world-wide, it explores the history, theory, ethics and practice of war. The book first considers the fundamental causes of war, before reflecting on the moral and legal aspects of war. Theories on the practice of war lead into an analysis of the strategic conduct of war and non-Western ways of war. At its heart is an analysis of the military conduct of war that is juxtaposed with consideration of technology, economy, industry and war. In conclusion, the book looks to the future of this apparently perennial feature of human interaction.
David Levi-Faur (ed.)
This publication presents an analysis of the social science literature on governance. It puts forth the core concepts and knowledge that have evolved in the study of governance in different levels and arenas of politics and policymaking. In so doing, it establishes itself as the essential point of reference for all those studying politics, society, and economics from a governance perspective. The volume comprises fifty-two articles from leaders in the field. These articles are organized into nine sections dealing with topics that include governance as the reform of the state, democratic governance, European governance, and global governance.
Erik Jones, Anand Menon, and Stephen Weatherill (eds)
This is an authoritative, one-volume, and independent treatment of the history, functioning, and nature of the European integration. Written by leading scholars, it covers the major institutions, policies, and events in the history of integration, whilst also providing a guide to the major theoretical approaches that have been used to study it over time. By bringing together such a distinguished cast covering such a wide array of themes, the publication is intended as a one-stop shop for all those interested in the European Union and its predecessors. The volume, which is intended to shape the discipline of EU studies, represents a timely guide to an institution that is much discussed but often only imperfectly understood.
Michael E. Kraft and Sheldon Kamieniecki (eds)
Prior to the Nixon administration, environmental policy in the United States was rudimentary at best. Since then, it has evolved into one of the primary concerns of governmental policy from the federal to the local level. As scientific expertise on the environment rapidly developed, Americans became more aware of the growing environmental crisis that surrounded them. Practical solutions for mitigating various aspects of the crisis—air pollution, water pollution, chemical waste dumping, strip mining, and later global warming—became politically popular, and the government responded by gradually erecting a vast regulatory apparatus to address the issue. Today, politicians regard environmental policy as one of the most pressing issues they face. The Obama administration has identified the renewable energy sector as a key driver of economic growth, and Congress is in the process of passing a bill to reduce global warming that will be one of the most important environmental policy acts in decades. The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Environmental Policy is a work that covers all aspects of environmental policy in America. Over the past half century, America has been the world's leading emitter of global warming gases. However, environmental policy is not simply a national issue. It is a global issue, and the explosive growth of Asian countries like China and India mean that policy will have to be coordinated at the international level. The book therefore focuses not only on the U.S., but on the increasing importance of global policies and issues on American regulatory efforts. This is a topic that only grows in importance in the coming years.
Marc R. Rosenblum and Daniel J. Tichenor (eds)
In this publication, leading migration experts gather together twenty-nine field specialists to consider the major questions and challenges related to the issue of international migration. Integrating the perspectives of the wide variety of fields that hold a stake in the study of migration—political science, sociology, economics, anthropology—this volume presents an unprecedented interdisciplinary look at an issue that defines the modern era: the large-scale movement of people across international borders. It begins with three articles analyzing the origins and causes of migration, including both source and destination states. The second section then asks: What are the consequences of migration at both ends of the migration chain? Articles in this section consider economics, the effects of migration on parties and political participation, and social and cultural effects. A third group of articles focuses on immigration policy. These include primers on the history and dimensions of migration policy, as well as an examinations of the effects of public opinion, interest groups, and international relations on policymaking. The volume then considers aspects of the immigrant experience: segmented assimilation among Asian Americans, histories of U.S. immigrant incorporation and of race and migration, transnationalism, and gendered aspects of migration. Finally, five articles examine contemporary issues, including trans-border crime and terrorism, migration and organized labor, international regionalism, normative debates about citizenship and immigration, and the recent history of U.S. immigration policymaking.