Alfred R. Mele and Piers Rawling (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Rationality is a reference to the current state of play in the vital and interdisciplinary area of the study of rationality. Rationality has long been a central topic in philosophy, crossing standard divisions and categories. It continues to attract much attention in published research and teaching by philosophers as well as scholars in other disciplines, including economics, psychology, and law. Twenty-two articles provide an overview of the prominent views on rationality, with each article also developing a unique and distinctive argument. The book consists of two main parts. The first examines the nature of rationality broadly understood. The second explores rationality's role in and relation to other domains of enquiry: psychology, gender, personhood, language, science, economics, law, and evolution.
Patricia Curd and Daniel W. Graham (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy brings together leading international scholars to study the diverse figures, movements, and approaches that constitute Presocratic philosophy. In the sixth and fifth centuries
Christopher Shields (ed.)
This book reflects the lively international character of Aristotelian studies, drawing contributors from across the globe, and including a preponderance of authors from the University of Oxford, which has been a center of Aristotelian studies for many centuries. It explores the broad range of activity Aristotelian studies comprise today, including the primarily textual and philological to the application of broadly Aristotelian themes to contemporary problems irrespective of their narrow textual fidelity. In between these extremes one finds the core of Aristotelian scholarship as it is practiced today, and as it is primarily represented in this volume: textual exegesis and criticism. Even within this more limited core activity, one witnesses a rich range of pursuits, with some scholars seeking primarily to understand Aristotle in his own philosophical milieu and others seeking rather to place him into direct conversation with contemporary philosophers and their present-day concerns. The book, prefaced with an introduction to Aristotle's life and works by the editor, covers the main areas of Aristotelian philosophy and intellectual enquiry: ethics, metaphysics, politics, logic, language, psychology, rhetoric, poetics, theology, physical and biological investigation, and philosophical method. It also looks both backwards and forwards: two articles recount Aristotle's treatment of earlier philosophers, who proved formative to his own orientations and methods, and another three chart the long afterlife of Aristotle's philosophy: in Late Antiquity, in the Islamic World, and in the Latin West.
Michael Ruse (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology is a collection of articles written especially to give the reader an introduction to one of the most vibrant areas of scholarship today, and at the same time to move the subject forward. The contributors range from the senior and experienced to new and exciting young scholars. The text covers the history of the topic, then moves into important analyses of contemporary evolutionary thinking, and continues with discussions of genetics and the moral and epistemological foundations of our understanding of heredity. The book goes on to cover ecology, behavior, and morality, and does not neglect religion or feminist issues. Finally, it takes up matters to do with language and metaphor.
Richard Eldridge (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Literature contains twenty-three articles by major philosophers and literary scholars that investigate literature as a form of attention to human life. Various forms of attention are considered under the topics of genres (from ancient epic to the novel and contemporary experimental writing), periods (from realism and Romanticism to postcolonialism), devices and powers (imagination, plot, character, style, and emotion), and contexts and uses (in relation to inquiry, morality, and politics). In each case, the effort is to track and evaluate how specific modes and works of imaginative literature answer to important needs of human subjects for orientation, the articulation of interest in life, and the working through of emotion, within situations that are both sociohistorical and human. Hence these articles show how and why literature matters in manifold ways in and for human cultural life, and they show how philosophers and imaginative literary writers have continually both engaged with and criticized each other.
Gail Fine (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Plato provides in-depth and up-to-date discussions of a variety of topics and dialogues in twenty-one articles. The result is a useful reference to the man many consider the most important philosophical thinker in history. Plato is the best known, and continues to be the most widely studied, of all the ancient Greek philosophers. Each article serves several functions at once: they survey the lay of the land; they express and develop the authors' own views; they situate those views within a range of alternatives. This book contains articles on metaphysics, epistemology, love, language, ethics, politics, art and education. Individual articles are devoted to each of the following dialogues: the Republic, the Parmenides, the Theaetetus, the Sophist, the Timaeus, and the Philebus. There are also articles on Plato and the dialogue form; on Plato in his time and place; on the history of the Platonic corpus; on Aristotle's criticism of Plato, and on Plato and Platonism.
John Greco (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism features twenty-six newly commissioned articles by top figures in the field of skepticism. In the history of philosophical thought, few themes loom as large as skepticism. Skepticism has been the most visible and important part of debates about knowledge. Skepticism, at its most basic, questions our cognitive achievements, challenges our ability to obtain reliable knowledge. It casts doubt on our attempts to seek and understand the truth about everything from ethics, to other minds, religious belief, and even the underlying structure of matter and reality. Since Descartes, the defense of knowledge against skepticism has been one of the primary tasks not just of epistemology but philosophy itself. Part One contains articles explaining important kinds of skeptical reasoning. Part Two focuses on responses to skeptical arguments. Part Three concentrates on important contemporary issues revolving around skepticism.
David Copp (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a reference work in ethical theory, consisting of articles by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so—ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The book is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. The twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.
George G. Brenkert (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Business Ethics provides a comprehensive treatment of the field of business ethics as seen from a philosophical approach. Business ethics raises many important philosophical issues. A first set of issues concerns the methodology of business ethics. What is the role of ethical theory in business ethics? To what extent, if at all, can thinking in business ethics be enhanced by philosophy, so as to provide real moral guidance? Another set of issues involves questions regarding markets, capitalism, and economic justice. There are related concerns about the nature of business organizations and the responsibilities they have to their members, owners, and society. This Handbook consists of twenty-four articles that survey the field of business ethics, covering all major topics about the relationship between ethical theory and business ethics. The articles are written by philosophers who offer a systematic interpretation of their topics and discuss various moral controversies and dilemmas that plague business relationships and government-business relationships.
Harvey Siegel (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education serves as a general introduction to key issues in the field, furthers the philosophical pursuit of those issues, and hopes to bring philosophy of education back into closer contact with general philosophy. Philosophy of education has an honored place in the history of Western philosophical thought. Its questions are as vital now, both philosophically and practically, as they have ever been. In recent decades, however, philosophical thinking about education has largely fallen off the philosophical radar screen. Philosophy of education has lost intimate contact with the parent discipline to a regrettably large extent—to the detriment of both. The articles in this volume cover a broad range of philosophical questions concerning education. The articles provide surveys of the general domain they address, and advance the discussion in those domains in original and fruitful ways. Together their articles constitute a new wave of general philosophic thinking taking up fundamental philosophical questions about education.