John Deigh and David Dolinko (eds)
This is a comprehensive handbook in the philosophy of criminal law. It contains seventeen essays by thinkers in the field and covers the field's major topics including limits to criminalization, obscenity and hate speech, blackmail, the law of rape, attempts, accomplice liability, causation, responsibility, justification and excuse, duress, provocation and self-defense, insanity, punishment, the death penalty, mercy, and preventive detention and other alternatives to punishment. The handbook is a resource for scholars and students whose research and studies concern philosophical issues in criminal law and criminal law theory.
Tom L. Beauchamp and R. G. Frey (eds)
Humans encounter and use animals in a stunning number of ways. The nature of these animals and the justifiability or unjustifiabilitly of human uses of them are the subject matter of this volume. Philosophers have long been intrigued by animal minds and vegetarianism, but only around the last quarter of the twentieth century did a significant philosophical literature begin to be developed on both the scientific study of animals and the ethics of human uses of animals. This literature had a primary focus on the discussion of animal psychology, the moral status of animals, the nature and significance of species, and a number of practical problems. The Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics is designed to capture the nature of the questions as they stand today and to propose solutions to many of the major problems. Several articles in this volume explore matters that have never previously been examined by philosophers. The articles explore many theoretical issues about animal minds and an array of practical concerns about animal products, farm animals, hunting, circuses, zoos, the entertainment industry, safety-testing on animals, the status and moral significance of species, environmental ethics, the nature and significance of the minds of animals, and so on. They also investigate what the future may be expected to bring in the way of new scientific developments and new moral problems.
Ben Bradley, Fred Feldman, and Jens Johansson (eds)
Death has long been a preoccupation of philosophers, and this is especially so today. The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Death contains chapters that cover current philosophical thinking of death-related topics across the entire range of the discipline. These include metaphysical topics—such as the nature of death, the possibility of an afterlife, the nature of persons, and how our thinking about time affects what we think about death—as well as axiological topics, such as whether death is bad for its victim, what makes it bad to die, what attitude it is fitting to take toward death, the possibility of posthumous harm, and the desirability of immortality. The chapters also explore the views of ancient philosophers such as Aristotle, Plato, and Epicurus on topics related to the philosophy of death, and questions in normative ethics, such as what makes killing wrong when it is wrong, and whether it is wrong to kill fetuses, non-human animals, combatants in war, and convicted murderers.
John Marenbon (ed.)
This publication is intended to show the links between the philosophy written in the Middle Ages and that of today. Essays by over twenty medieval specialists, who are also familiar with contemporary discussions, explore areas in logic and philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, moral psychology ethics, aesthetics, political philosophy, and philosophy of religion. Each topic has been chosen because it is of present philosophical interest, but a more-or-less-similar set of questions was also discussed in the Middle Ages. No party-line has been set about the extent of the similarity. Some writers (e.g. Panaccio on Universals and Cesalli on States of Affairs) argue that there are close continuities. Others (e.g. Thom on Logical Form and Pink on Freedom of the Will) stress the differences. All, however, share the aim of providing new analyses of medieval texts, and of writing in a manner that is clear and comprehensible to philosophers who are not medieval specialists. The volume, which begins with eleven articles looking at the history of medieval philosophy period by period, and region by region, constitutes a wide-ranging and up-to-date chronological survey of medieval philosophy. All four traditions—Greek, Latin, Islamic, and Jewish (in Arabic, and in Hebrew)—are considered, and the Latin tradition is traced from late antiquity through to the seventeenth century and beyond.
William Edelglass and Jay L. Garfield (eds)
This book provides a set of introductions to each of the world's major non-European philosophical traditions. It offers the non-specialist a way into unfamiliar philosophical texts and methods and the opportunity to explore non-European philosophical terrain and to connect their work in one tradition to philosophical ideas or texts from another. Sections on Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, East Asian philosophy, African philosophy, and recent trends in global philosophy are each edited by an expert in the field. Each section includes a general introduction and a set of articles written by scholars, designed to provide a broad overview of a major topic or figure.
Harold Kincaid (ed.)
The philosophy of the social sciences considers the underlying explanatory powers of the social (or human) sciences, such as history, economics, anthropology, politics, and sociology. The types of question covered include the methodological (the nature of observations, laws, theories, and explanations) to the ontological—whether or not these sciences can explain human nature in a way consistent with common-sense beliefs. This publication is a major, comprehensive look at the key ideas in the field, guided by several principles. The first is that the philosophy of social science should be closely connected to, and informed by, developments in the sciences themselves. The second is that the volume should appeal to practicing social scientists as well as philosophers, with the contributors being drawn from both ranks, and speaking to on-going controversial issues in the field. Finally, the volume promotes connections across the social sciences, with greater internal discussion and interaction across disciplinary boundaries. It is split into five sections: mechanisms, explanation, and causation; evidence; norms, culture, and the social-psychological; sociology of knowledge; normative connections.
Robert Batterman (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Physics provides an overview of many of the topics that currently engage philosophers of physics. It surveys new issues and the problems that have become a focus of attention in recent years, and also provides up-to-date discussions of the still very important problems which dominated the field in the past. In the late twentieth century, the philosophy of physics was largely focused on orthodox Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory. The measurement problem, the question of the possibility of hidden variables, and the nature of quantum locality dominated the literature on quantum mechanics, whereas questions about relationalism vs. substantivalism, and issues about underdetermination of theories, dominated the literature on spacetime. These issues still receive considerable attention from philosophers, but many have shifted their attention to other questions related to quantum mechanics and to spacetime theories. Quantum field theory has become a major focus, particularly from the point of view of algebraic foundations. Concurrent with these trends, there has been a focus on understanding gauge invariance and symmetries. The philosophy of physics has evolved even further in recent years, with attention being paid to theories that, for the most part, were largely ignored in the past. For example, the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics—once thought to be a paradigmic instance of unproblematic theory reduction—is now a hotly debated topic. The implicit, and sometimes explicit, reductionist methodology of both philosophers and physicists has been severely criticized, and attention has now turned to the explanatory and descriptive roles of “non-fundamental,” phenomenological theories. This shift of attention includes “old” theories such as classical mechanics, once deemed to be of little philosophical interest. Furthermore, some philosophers have become more interested in “less fundamental” contemporary physics such as condensed matter theory. Questions abound with implications for the nature of models, idealizations, and explanation in physics.
Alfred R. Mele and Piers Rawling (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Rationality is a reference to the current state of play in the vital and interdisciplinary area of the study of rationality. Rationality has long been a central topic in philosophy, crossing standard divisions and categories. It continues to attract much attention in published research and teaching by philosophers as well as scholars in other disciplines, including economics, psychology, and law. Twenty-two articles provide an overview of the prominent views on rationality, with each article also developing a unique and distinctive argument. The book consists of two main parts. The first examines the nature of rationality broadly understood. The second explores rationality's role in and relation to other domains of enquiry: psychology, gender, personhood, language, science, economics, law, and evolution.
Patricia Curd and Daniel W. Graham (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Presocratic Philosophy brings together leading international scholars to study the diverse figures, movements, and approaches that constitute Presocratic philosophy. In the sixth and fifth centuries
John Richardson and Ken Gemes (eds)
This Handbook offers several papers on Nietzsche’s main philosophical topics supplemented with sets of papers dealing with biography, relations with other philosophers, and his individual works. Topics covered by the papers include Nietzsche’s biography, family, attitude towards women, his sickness and madness, his interest in the views of other philosophers, his principal works, values, epistemology and metaphysics, and his idea of will to power.