Ralph Hexter and David Townsend (eds)
The twenty-eight articles in this Handbook represent some of the current thinking in the study of Latin language and literature in the Middle Ages. The insights offered by the collective of authors not only illuminate the field of medieval Latin literature, but shed new light on broader questions of literary history, cultural interaction, world literature, and language in history and society. The contributors illustrate the field's complexities on a wide range of topics through examples and challenges to settled answers of the past. At the same time, they suggest future possibilities for the necessarily provisional and open-ended work essential to the pursuit of medieval Latin studies. The overall approach of the Handbook makes it a resource for students of the ancient world interested in the prolonged after-life of the classical period's cultural complexes, for medieval historians, for scholars of other medieval literary traditions, and for all those interested in delving more deeply into the more-than-millennium that forms the bridge between the ancient Mediterranean world and what we consider modernity. ...
Gordon Lindsay Campbell (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life encompasses all aspects of animals in the ancient world, with authoritative chapters on 33 topics by the leading scholars in their fields. It provides an introduction to and a survey of each topic and also gives guidance on further reading for those who would like to study the area in more depth. Both the realities of animals and more theoretical aspects are covered, beginning with ‘Aesop and Animal Fables’, ‘Animals in Classical Art’, and ‘Animals in Comedy’, and continuing through ‘Domestication of Animals’, ‘Animal Husbandry and Farming’, ‘Pets’, and ‘Fauna of the Ancient Mediterranean’, among other aspects of human–animal interaction. More abstract and philosophical topics are also addressed, including ‘Animal Communication’, ‘Ancient Ideas on the Origin of Species’, ‘Wondrous Animals in Classical Antiquity’, and ‘Philosophical Vegetarianism and Animal Entitlements’. These are just a few of the chapters. The scope of the handbook is huge, and will provide the reader with much food for thought: as Claude Lévi-Strauss said, and as the author of the chapter on animals on comedy notes, animals are good to think with. The study of animals in the ancient world has been undergoing a boom in recent years, and the handbook reflects the cutting edge of modern scholarship. ...
Clemente Marconi (ed.)
This book explores key aspects of art and architecture in ancient Greece and Rome. Drawing on the perspectives of scholars of various generations, nationalities, and backgrounds, it discusses Greek and Roman ideas about art and architecture, as expressed in both texts and images, along with the production of art and architecture in the Greek and Roman world. It also looks at the social, political, and cultural functions of Greek and Roman images and buildings. The book introduces the reader to the notion of “ancient art theory,” the theory of mimesis, the ideas of philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, and the wider field of Greek and Roman literature and epigraphy. Other chapters focus on the production of images and buildings; the patronage, financing, and sponsorship of art and architecture; religious contexts of Greek and Roman art and architecture, with emphasis on altars, temples, and sacred spaces; and the modern historiography of Greek and Roman architecture in relation to ancient historiography and to the trajectory of modern intellectual history. Finally, the book considers the larger theoretical implications, methodologies, and directions of research in Greek and Roman art and architecture. ...
Scott Fitzgerald Johnson (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700
Brian Campbell and Lawrence A. Tritle (eds)
War lay at the heart of much of life in the classical world, from conflicts between tribes or states, internal or civil wars, or wars waged to suppress rebellions. Battles were resolved by face-to-face encounters—violent and bloody for the participants—and thus war was a very personal experience. Nevertheless, warfare and its conduct took a wider relevance far beyond the battlefield and often had significant economic, social, or political consequences. The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World offers a critical examination of war and organized violence, and their relevance beyond the battlefield, in classical Greece and Rome. Its introduction begins with the ancient sources for the writing of war, preceded by broad surveys of ancient Greece and Rome. Also included herein are chapters analyzing new finds in battlefield archaeology and how the environment affected the ancient practice of war. A second section is comprised of broad narratives of classical societies at war, covering the expanse from classical Greece through to the Roman Empire. Part III contains thematic discussions that examine closely the nature of battle: what soldiers experienced as they fought; the challenges of conducting war at sea; and how the wounded were treated. A final section offers six case studies, including analyses of the Peloponnesian War, the Second Punic War, and Rome's war with Sasanian Persia. The book closes with an epilogue that offers an exploration of the legacy of classical warfare. ...
William E. Metcalf (ed.)
A large gap exists in the literature of ancient numismatics between general works intended for collectors and highly specialized
studies addressed to numismatists. Indeed, there is hardly anything produced by knowledgeable numismatists that is easily
accessible to the academic community at large or the interested lay reader. This Handbook will fill this gap by providing a systematic overview of the major coinages of the classical world. It begins with a general
introduction by the volume editor, followed by an article establishing the history and role of scientific analysis in ancient
numismatics. The subsequent thirty-two articles, all written by an international group of scholars, cover a vast geography
and chronology, beginning with the first evidence of coins in Western Asia Minor in the seventh century
Michael Peachin (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman Worldsynthesizes what has been accomplished in this field and attempts to configure the examination of Roman social relations in some new ways, thereby indicating directions in which the discipline might now proceed. The book opens with a substantial general introduction that portrays the current state of the field, indicates some avenues for further study, and provides the background necessary for the following articles. It lays out what is known about the historical development of Roman society and the essential structures of that community. A second introductory article explains the chronological parameters of the handbook. The main body of the book is divided into the following six sections: mechanisms of socialization (primary education, rhetorical education, family, law); mechanisms of communication and interaction, communal contexts for social interaction); modes of interpersonal relations (friendship, patronage, hospitality, dining, funerals, benefactions, honor); societies Within the Roman community (collegia, cults, Judaism, Christianity, the army); and marginalized persons (slaves, women, children, prostitutes, actors and gladiators, bandits). ...
Peter Fibiger Bang and Walter Scheidel (eds)
This Handbook offers a comprehensive survey of ancient state formation in western Eurasia and North Africa. Eighteen experts introduce readers to a wide variety of systems spanning 4,000 years, from the earliest known states in world history to the Roman Empire and its successors. The book seeks to understand the inner workings of these states by focusing on key issues: political and military power, mechanisms of cooperation, coercion, and exploitation, the impact of ideologies, and the rise and demise of individual polities. This shared emphasis on critical institutions and dynamics invites comparative and cross-cultural perspectives. A detailed introductory review of contemporary approaches to the study of the state puts the historical case studies in context. The book transcends conventional boundaries between ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean history, and between ancient and early medieval history. ...
Roger S. Bagnall (ed.)
Thousands of texts, written over a period of three thousand years on papyri and potsherds, in Egyptian, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, Hebrew, Persian, and other languages, have transformed our knowledge of many aspects of life in the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds. This book provides an introduction to the world of these ancient documents and literary texts, ranging from the raw materials of writing to the languages used, from the history of papyrology to its future, and from practical help in reading papyri to frank opinions about the nature of the work of papyrologists. It takes account of the important changes experienced by the discipline, especially within the last thirty years. The book includes work by twenty-seven international experts and more than one hundred illustrations. ...
Eric H. Cline (ed.)
This The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean provides a detailed survey of the Greek Bronze Age, roughly 3000 to 1000