Peter Fibiger Bang and Walter Scheidel (eds)
This Handbook offers a comprehensive survey of ancient state formation in western Eurasia and North Africa. Eighteen experts introduce readers to a wide variety of systems spanning 4,000 years, from the earliest known states in world history to the Roman Empire and its successors. The book seeks to understand the inner workings of these states by focusing on key issues: political and military power, mechanisms of cooperation, coercion, and exploitation, the impact of ideologies, and the rise and demise of individual polities. This shared emphasis on critical institutions and dynamics invites comparative and cross-cultural perspectives. A detailed introductory review of contemporary approaches to the study of the state puts the historical case studies in context. The book transcends conventional boundaries between ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean history, and between ancient and early medieval history.
William E. Metcalf (ed.)
A large gap exists in the literature of ancient numismatics between general works intended for collectors and highly specialized studies addressed to numismatists. Indeed, there is hardly anything produced by knowledgeable numismatists that is easily accessible to the academic community at large or the interested lay reader. This Handbook will fill this gap by providing a systematic overview of the major coinages of the classical world. It begins with a general introduction by the volume editor, followed by an article establishing the history and role of scientific analysis in ancient numismatics. The subsequent thirty-two articles, all written by an international group of scholars, cover a vast geography and chronology, beginning with the first evidence of coins in Western Asia Minor in the seventh century
Robin Cormack, John F. Haldon, and Elizabeth Jeffreys (eds)
This book presents discussions by experts on all significant aspects of Byzantine Studies. Byzantine Studies deals with the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the Late Roman Empire, from the fourth to the fourteenth century. Its centre was the city formerly known as Byzantium, refounded as Constantinople in 324
Brian Campbell and Lawrence A. Tritle (eds)
War lay at the heart of much of life in the classical world, from conflicts between tribes or states, internal or civil wars, or wars waged to suppress rebellions. Battles were resolved by face-to-face encounters—violent and bloody for the participants—and thus war was a very personal experience. Nevertheless, warfare and its conduct took a wider relevance far beyond the battlefield and often had significant economic, social, or political consequences. The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World offers a critical examination of war and organized violence, and their relevance beyond the battlefield, in classical Greece and Rome. Its introduction begins with the ancient sources for the writing of war, preceded by broad surveys of ancient Greece and Rome. Also included herein are chapters analyzing new finds in battlefield archaeology and how the environment affected the ancient practice of war. A second section is comprised of broad narratives of classical societies at war, covering the expanse from classical Greece through to the Roman Empire. Part III contains thematic discussions that examine closely the nature of battle: what soldiers experienced as they fought; the challenges of conducting war at sea; and how the wounded were treated. A final section offers six case studies, including analyses of the Peloponnesian War, the Second Punic War, and Rome's war with Sasanian Persia. The book closes with an epilogue that offers an exploration of the legacy of classical warfare.
Christer Bruun and Jonathan Edmondson (eds)
Inscriptions are valuable for anyone interested in the Roman world and Roman culture, whether they are studying history, archaeology, literature, religion, or are working in a field that intersects with the Roman world from c. 500 BCE to 500 CE and beyond. The goal of The Oxford Handbook of Roman Epigraphy is to show why inscriptions matter and to demonstrate to students and scholars how to utilize epigraphic sources in their research.
Scott Fitzgerald Johnson (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700
Kathryn Bosher, Fiona Macintosh, Justine McConnell, and Patrice Rankine (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Greek Drama in the Americas is the first collection of essays to discuss the presence of Greek drama across the continents and archipelagos of the Americas from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present. The classics have never been tied by geographical nor linguistic boundaries, and in the case of the Americas long colonial histories have often imposed those boundaries arbitrarily. This compendious volume tracks networks across continents and oceans and uncovers the ways in which the shared histories and practices in the performance arts in the Americas have routinely defied national boundaries. Lavishly illustrated and with contributions from Classicists, Latin American specialists, Theatre and Performance theorists, and historians, there are also interviews with writers, including Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott, Charles Mee, and Anne Carson, and leading theater directors such as Peter Sellars, Carey Perloff, Héctor Daniel-Levy, and Heron Coelho. This 52-chapter volume seeks to define the complex contours of the reception of Greek drama in the Americas, and to articulate how these different engagements—at local, national, or trans-continental levels as well as across borders—have been both distinct from each other and from those of Europe and Asia.
Clemente Marconi (ed.)
This book explores key aspects of art and architecture in ancient Greece and Rome. Drawing on the perspectives of scholars of various generations, nationalities, and backgrounds, it discusses Greek and Roman ideas about art and architecture, as expressed in both texts and images, along with the production of art and architecture in the Greek and Roman world. It also looks at the social, political, and cultural functions of Greek and Roman images and buildings. The book introduces the reader to the notion of “ancient art theory,” the theory of mimesis, the ideas of philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, and the wider field of Greek and Roman literature and epigraphy. Other chapters focus on the production of images and buildings; the patronage, financing, and sponsorship of art and architecture; religious contexts of Greek and Roman art and architecture, with emphasis on altars, temples, and sacred spaces; and the modern historiography of Greek and Roman architecture in relation to ancient historiography and to the trajectory of modern intellectual history. Finally, the book considers the larger theoretical implications, methodologies, and directions of research in Greek and Roman art and architecture.
Michael Fontaine and Adele C. Scafuro (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Comedy marks the first comprehensive introduction and reference work for the unified study of ancient comedy. From the birth of comedy in Greece to its end in Rome, from the Hellenistic diffusion of performances after the death of Menander to its sympotic, artistic, scholarly, and literary receptions in the later Roman Empire, no topic is neglected. The result offers Hellenists an excellent overview of the earliest reception and creative reuse of Greek New Comedy, and Latinists a broad perspective of the evolution of Roman comedy. In recent decades, literary approaches to drama have multiplied (new historical, intertextual, political, performative and metatheatrical, sociolinguistic, gender-driven, transgenre-driven). New information has been amassed, sometimes by reexamination of extant literary texts and material artifacts, at other times from new discoveries. Archaeologists have rethought the physical configurations of theaters; new studies of vase paintings have contributed to our knowledge of the origins of comedy and its geographical spread; new Hellenistic mosaics have provided information on Menandrian plays; epigraphists have revised victory lists and production records that provide not only the names of plays, authors, and actors, but also the dates for dramatic competitions; epigraphic documents of the Panhellenic activities of the enigmatic “Artisans of Dionysus,” who may provide the missing link between Greek and Roman comedy, have been reexamined in recent monographs; and new papyrus texts have been discovered, while old, all but forgotten texts, have been newly edited after a century or more, and modern technology has even supplied ways to recover new readings from a mutilated palimpsest of Plautus. Forty-one essays and two appendices by an international team of experts offer up-to-the-minute guides through the immense terrain of comedy, while an expert introduction surveys the major trends and shifts in scholarly study of comedy from the 1960s to today.
Elise A. Friedland, Melanie Grunow Sobocinski, and Elaine K. Gazda (eds)
Sculptures populated both the urban and private realms of the Roman world in numbers unparalleled today. They were essential to communicating political, religious, and social messages, and as such, provide an invaluable entrée into Roman society. This Handbook presents a rigorous appraisal of Roman sculptural studies. It includes material from the early republican period through late antiquity (c. 500 BC to AD 500) and considers sculpture in Rome and in regions dominated by the Roman Empire. Readers will find a compendium of new technical, scientific, literary, and theoretical approaches to the study of Roman sculpture in a volume that situates this central medium of Roman art within the larger fields of art history, classical archaeology, and Roman studies. Forty-one essays, newly commissioned from an international team of experts, address topics related to collecting, conservation, and display; production and distribution; styles and genres; spatial and social contexts; regional expression; and viewing and reception. Central themes discussed from multiple perspectives include the semantics of Roman art, the complex nature of Greek influence on Roman sculpture and on elite Roman conceptions of art, the usefulness of style as a category of chronological analysis, and the role of emergent technologies in transforming our understanding of Roman sculptures. With over 150 illustrations, including 10 color plates, this volume fills the gap between introductory textbooks and the highly focused professional literature, offers the essential apparatus necessary for students and scholars alike to pursue their study of Roman sculpture, and provides a platform for future research.