John Peter Oleson (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and remaining research problems, and stimulates further progress
in the history of ancient technology. The subject matter of the book is the technological framework of the Greek and Roman
cultures from ca. 800
Michael Peachin (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Social Relations in the Roman Worldsynthesizes what has been accomplished in this field and attempts to configure the examination of Roman social relations in some new ways, thereby indicating directions in which the discipline might now proceed. The book opens with a substantial general introduction that portrays the current state of the field, indicates some avenues for further study, and provides the background necessary for the following articles. It lays out what is known about the historical development of Roman society and the essential structures of that community. A second introductory article explains the chronological parameters of the handbook. The main body of the book is divided into the following six sections: mechanisms of socialization (primary education, rhetorical education, family, law); mechanisms of communication and interaction, communal contexts for social interaction); modes of interpersonal relations (friendship, patronage, hospitality, dining, funerals, benefactions, honor); societies Within the Roman community (collegia, cults, Judaism, Christianity, the army); and marginalized persons (slaves, women, children, prostitutes, actors and gladiators, bandits). ...
Gordon Lindsay Campbell (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Animals in Classical Thought and Life encompasses all aspects of animals in the ancient world, with authoritative chapters on 33 topics by the leading scholars in their fields. It provides an introduction to and a survey of each topic and also gives guidance on further reading for those who would like to study the area in more depth. Both the realities of animals and more theoretical aspects are covered, beginning with ‘Aesop and Animal Fables’, ‘Animals in Classical Art’, and ‘Animals in Comedy’, and continuing through ‘Domestication of Animals’, ‘Animal Husbandry and Farming’, ‘Pets’, and ‘Fauna of the Ancient Mediterranean’, among other aspects of human–animal interaction. More abstract and philosophical topics are also addressed, including ‘Animal Communication’, ‘Ancient Ideas on the Origin of Species’, ‘Wondrous Animals in Classical Antiquity’, and ‘Philosophical Vegetarianism and Animal Entitlements’. These are just a few of the chapters. The scope of the handbook is huge, and will provide the reader with much food for thought: as Claude Lévi-Strauss said, and as the author of the chapter on animals on comedy notes, animals are good to think with. The study of animals in the ancient world has been undergoing a boom in recent years, and the handbook reflects the cutting edge of modern scholarship. ...
Peter Fibiger Bang and Walter Scheidel (eds)
This Handbook offers a comprehensive survey of ancient state formation in western Eurasia and North Africa. Eighteen experts introduce readers to a wide variety of systems spanning 4,000 years, from the earliest known states in world history to the Roman Empire and its successors. The book seeks to understand the inner workings of these states by focusing on key issues: political and military power, mechanisms of cooperation, coercion, and exploitation, the impact of ideologies, and the rise and demise of individual polities. This shared emphasis on critical institutions and dynamics invites comparative and cross-cultural perspectives. A detailed introductory review of contemporary approaches to the study of the state puts the historical case studies in context. The book transcends conventional boundaries between ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean history, and between ancient and early medieval history. ...
Ralph Hexter and David Townsend (eds)
The twenty-eight articles in this Handbook represent some of the current thinking in the study of Latin language and literature in the Middle Ages. The insights offered by the collective of authors not only illuminate the field of medieval Latin literature, but shed new light on broader questions of literary history, cultural interaction, world literature, and language in history and society. The contributors illustrate the field's complexities on a wide range of topics through examples and challenges to settled answers of the past. At the same time, they suggest future possibilities for the necessarily provisional and open-ended work essential to the pursuit of medieval Latin studies. The overall approach of the Handbook makes it a resource for students of the ancient world interested in the prolonged after-life of the classical period's cultural complexes, for medieval historians, for scholars of other medieval literary traditions, and for all those interested in delving more deeply into the more-than-millennium that forms the bridge between the ancient Mediterranean world and what we consider modernity. ...
William E. Metcalf (ed.)
A large gap exists in the literature of ancient numismatics between general works intended for collectors and highly specialized
studies addressed to numismatists. Indeed, there is hardly anything produced by knowledgeable numismatists that is easily
accessible to the academic community at large or the interested lay reader. This Handbook will fill this gap by providing a systematic overview of the major coinages of the classical world. It begins with a general
introduction by the volume editor, followed by an article establishing the history and role of scientific analysis in ancient
numismatics. The subsequent thirty-two articles, all written by an international group of scholars, cover a vast geography
and chronology, beginning with the first evidence of coins in Western Asia Minor in the seventh century
Michael Fontaine and Adele C. Scafuro (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Comedy marks the first comprehensive introduction and reference work for the unified study of ancient comedy. From the birth of comedy in Greece to its end in Rome, from the Hellenistic diffusion of performances after the death of Menander to its sympotic, artistic, scholarly, and literary receptions in the later Roman Empire, no topic is neglected. The result offers Hellenists an excellent overview of the earliest reception and creative reuse of Greek New Comedy, and Latinists a broad perspective of the evolution of Roman comedy. In recent decades, literary approaches to drama have multiplied (new historical, intertextual, political, performative and metatheatrical, sociolinguistic, gender-driven, transgenre-driven). New information has been amassed, sometimes by reexamination of extant literary texts and material artifacts, at other times from new discoveries. Archaeologists have rethought the physical configurations of theaters; new studies of vase paintings have contributed to our knowledge of the origins of comedy and its geographical spread; new Hellenistic mosaics have provided information on Menandrian plays; epigraphists have revised victory lists and production records that provide not only the names of plays, authors, and actors, but also the dates for dramatic competitions; epigraphic documents of the Panhellenic activities of the enigmatic “Artisans of Dionysus,” who may provide the missing link between Greek and Roman comedy, have been reexamined in recent monographs; and new papyrus texts have been discovered, while old, all but forgotten texts, have been newly edited after a century or more, and modern technology has even supplied ways to recover new readings from a mutilated palimpsest of Plautus. Forty-one essays and two appendices by an international team of experts offer up-to-the-minute guides through the immense terrain of comedy, while an expert introduction surveys the major trends and shifts in scholarly study of comedy from the 1960s to today. ...
Alessandro Barchiesi and Walter Scheidel (eds)
This book contains papers by more than fifty scholars who elucidate the contribution of material as well as literary culture to our understanding of the Roman Empire. The emphasis is particularly upon the new and exciting links between the various sub-disciplines that make up Roman Studies – for example, between literature and epigraphy, art and philosophy, papyrology and economic history. Connections with disciplines outside classics are also explored, including anthropology, psychoanalysis, gender and reception studies, and the use of new media. ...
Barbara Graziosi, Phiroze Vasunia, and George Boys-Stones (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies is a unique collection of some seventy articles, which together explore the ways in which ancient Greece has been, is, and might be studied. It is intended to inform its readers, but also, importantly, to inspire them, and to enable them to pursue their own research by introducing the primary resources and exploring the latest agenda for their study. The emphasis is on the breadth and potential of Hellenic Studies as a flourishing and exciting intellectual arena, and also upon its relevance to the way we think about ourselves today. The book provides comprehensive guidance in areas such as epigraphy, numismatics, and manuscript studies. ...
Brian Campbell and Lawrence A. Tritle (eds)
War lay at the heart of much of life in the classical world, from conflicts between tribes or states, internal or civil wars, or wars waged to suppress rebellions. Battles were resolved by face-to-face encounters—violent and bloody for the participants—and thus war was a very personal experience. Nevertheless, warfare and its conduct took a wider relevance far beyond the battlefield and often had significant economic, social, or political consequences. The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World offers a critical examination of war and organized violence, and their relevance beyond the battlefield, in classical Greece and Rome. Its introduction begins with the ancient sources for the writing of war, preceded by broad surveys of ancient Greece and Rome. Also included herein are chapters analyzing new finds in battlefield archaeology and how the environment affected the ancient practice of war. A second section is comprised of broad narratives of classical societies at war, covering the expanse from classical Greece through to the Roman Empire. Part III contains thematic discussions that examine closely the nature of battle: what soldiers experienced as they fought; the challenges of conducting war at sea; and how the wounded were treated. A final section offers six case studies, including analyses of the Peloponnesian War, the Second Punic War, and Rome's war with Sasanian Persia. The book closes with an epilogue that offers an exploration of the legacy of classical warfare. ...