Ilona Boniwell, Susan A. David, and Amanda Conley Ayers (eds)
In recent decades there has been a shift in focus from psychological and social problems – what might be called the "dark side" of humanity – to human well-being and flourishing. The Positive Psychology movement, along with changes in attitudes towards organizational and societal health, has generated a surge of interest in human happiness. The Oxford Handbook of Happiness is about human happiness. The study of happiness is at the nexus of four major scientific developments: the growing field of Positive Psychology, which researches the conditions that make people flourish; advances in the biological and affective sciences, which have contributed to the understanding of positive emotions; Positive Organizational Scholarship, an emerging discipline aimed at investigating and fostering excellence in organisations; and findings from economics indicating that traditional markers of economic and societal well-being are insufficient. The book looks at the current state-of-the-art in happiness research. It features ten sections that focus on psychological, philosophical, evolutionary, economic, and spiritual approaches to happiness; happiness in society, education, organizations, and relationships; and the assessment and development of happiness. There is information on psychological constructs such as resilience, flow, and emotional intelligence; theories including broaden-and-build and self-determination; and explorations of topics including collective virtuousness, psychological capital, coaching, environmental sustainability, and economic growth.
Todd D. Little (ed.)
Research today entails the use of complex and effective tools for research. Hoping to provide for this need, The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology hopes to deliver some valid and generalizable answers to contemporary challenging research quandaries. It is a source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Made up of two volumes, this text covers a breadth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It starts by looking at essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then examines core measurement topics before moving onto topics related to the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. The text then moves forward to the realm of statistical inference and modeling with articles dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous articles associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques finish this study.
Todd D. Little (ed.)
Research today demands the application of sophisticated and powerful research tools. Fulfilling this need, this two-volume text provides the tool box to deliver the valid and generalizable answers to today's complex research questions. The Oxford Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology aims to be a source for learning and reviewing current best-practices in quantitative methods as practiced in the social, behavioral, and educational sciences. Comprising two volumes, this text covers a wealth of topics related to quantitative research methods. It begins with essential philosophical and ethical issues related to science and quantitative research. It then addresses core measurement topics before delving into the design of studies. Principal issues related to modern estimation and mathematical modeling are also detailed. Topics in the book then segway into the realm of statistical inference and modeling with articles dedicated to classical approaches as well as modern latent variable approaches. Numerous articles associated with longitudinal data and more specialized techniques round out this broad selection of topics.
Manuel London (ed.)
The Oxford Handbook of Lifelong Learning is a comprehensive and interdisciplinary examination of the theory and practice of lifelong learning, encompassing perspectives from human resources development, adult learning, psychology, career and vocational learning, management and executive development, cultural anthropology, the humanities, and gerontology. Individual chapters address the most relevant topics on the subject, including: continuous learning as it relates to technological, economic, and organizational changes; developmental theories and research, models of lifelong learning, and the neurological bases for learning across the lifespan; examples of learning programs, tools, and technologies, with a focus on corporate programs and business education; international perspectives on lifelong learning and learning across cultures; and assessment of learning needs and outcomes.
Jaan Valsiner (ed.)
The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions—for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings—organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, this publication unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. It comprises over fifty contributed articles, providing a comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology, comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occurring within them. It presents a concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular; interdisciplinary articles including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections; close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences; and a section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology.
Todd K. Shackelford and Catherine A. Salmon (eds)
The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Family Psychology focuses on the reasons underlying family behavior and how a greater understanding of these factors can help us to better understand our own family behaviors. Relationships with family are important to our emotional health and can play a significant role in our social success. We need our families and yet frequently have great difficulty understanding them. Hundreds of books have been published with the goal of improving understanding and relationships among family and relationships; few, if any, have done so with an evolutionary approach. Recognizing that a deeper understanding of human families can be found through an understanding of similar phenomena in other species, this book demonstrates how an understanding of family ties can inform understanding of our relationships to non-kin.
Charles M. Epstein, Eric M. Wassermann, and Ulf Ziemann (eds)
Since becoming commercially available in 1985, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has emerged as an important tool in several areas of neuroscience. Originally envisioned as a way to measure the responsiveness and conduction speed of neurons and synapses in the brain and spinal cord, TMS has also become an important tool for changing the activity of brain neurons and the functions they subserve and an important adjunct to brain imaging and mapping techniques. Along with transcranial electrical stimulation techniques, TMS has diffused far beyond the borders of clinical neurophysiology and into cognitive, perceptual, behavioural, and therapeutic investigation and attracted a highly diverse group of users and would-be users. The Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation provides an authoritative review of the scientific and technical background required to understand transcranial stimulation techniques and a wide-ranging survey of their burgeoning application in neurophysiology, perception, cognition, emotion, and clinical practice.
Suzanne C. Segerstrom (ed.)
The present volume demonstrates how advances in psychological science can contribute to advancing knowledge in psychoneuroimmunology. The traditional focus on stress can be seen in several chapters, but this focus is also modernized in chapters dealing with specific stressful conditions, emotional reactions, and individual differences. The chapters also reveal an expansion of the levels of analysis from molecules to societies. The importance of the immune system for health at the beginning and end of life is reflected in chapters examining psychoneuroimmunological effects from pregnancy through infancy and in the latter decades of life. The chapters in this volume illustrate the best of PNI: cutting-edge models of how the outer and inner worlds interact with each other, and the complexity of both of those worlds.
Todd K. Shackelford and Aaron T. Goetz (eds)
Sexual conflict—what happens when the reproductive interests of males and females diverge—occurs in all sexually reproducing species, including humans. This book is the first volume to assemble the latest theoretical and empirical work on sexual conflict in humans from the leading scholars in the fields of evolutionary psychology and anthropology. Following an introductory section that outlines theory and research on sexual conflict in humans and non-humans, ensuing sections discuss human sexual conflict and its manifestations before and during mating. Articles in these sections address a range of factors topics and factors, including: sexual coercion, jealousy, and partner violence and killing; the ovulatory cycle, female orgasm, and sperm competition; chemical warfare between ejaculates and female reproductive tracts. Articles in the next section address issues of sexual conflict after the birth of a child. These articles address sexual conflict as a function of the local sex ratio, men's functional (if unconscious) concern with paternal resemblance to a child, men's reluctance to pay child support, and mate expulsion as a tactic to end a relationship. The book's concluding section includes an article that considers the impact of sexual conflict on a grander scale, notably on cultural, political, and religious systems. Addressing sexual conflict at its molecular and macroscopic levels, it is a resource for the study of intersexual behavior.
Melissa A. Bray and Thomas J. Kehle (eds)
With its roots in clinical and educational psychology, school psychology is an ever-changing field that encompasses a diversity of topics. The Oxford Handbook of School Psychology synthesizes relevant literature in all of these areas, producing an authoritative resource. Comprising articles authored by the leading figures in school psychology, the book focuses on the significant issues, new developments, and scientific findings that continue to change the practical landscape. The book's focuses include an allegiance to the reciprocal relationship between science and practice to promote problem-solving and the enrichment model. It describes service delivery designed to improve competencies of all students. It also looks at the relationship between general cognitive ability and important life outcomes. It explores the development of viable and enduring educational, family, and community systems to support students. The book also studies increasing student diversity and the necessity of increased sensitivity to the influences of social, cultural, political, and legislative variables of schooling. It examines tenable reasons why, since the end of World War II, children from kindergarten through the secondary grades have generally not been the recipients of a superior or efficient educational system. The book explores all relevant legislation, including the No Child Left Behind Act, and the ongoing question of who or what is responsible for the inadequate academic preparation of inner-city children. It tries to build a cumulative knowledge base to better facilitate students' academic, social, and personal competencies including the promotion of positive mental health and subjective well-being.