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The A Priori  

Christopher Peacocke

Print publication date:
Nov 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The existence and nature of the a priori are defining issues for philosophy. A philosopher's attitude to the a priori is a touchstone for his whole approach to the subject. Sometimes, as ... More

‘A Promise Made is a Debt Unpaid’: Nietzsche on the Morality of Commitment and the Commitments of Morality  

Mark Migotti

Print publication date:
Sep 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses what we can learn about promising and about Nietzsche’s critique of morality from his discussion of sovereign promising in the opening sections of the second essay ... More

Abhidharma Philosophy  

Jan Westerhoff

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
This article provides an introduction to Abhidharma philosophy. The Abhidharma is a collection of texts intended to deal with what the Buddha taught. It is one of the three collections ... More

Abortion  

John Harris and Søren Holm

Print publication date:
Sep 2005
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Abortion is one of those classic problems that has been discussed in all of the major ‘fertile periods’ of practical philosophy, from the flourishing of Greek thought, through the medieval ... More

Abortion and Death  

Don Marquis

Print publication date:
Dec 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
This chapter, which examines views about abortion and death, discusses claims about abortion and explains some ways for considering these claims to be true. It analyzes whether abortion ... More

Abortion Revisited  

Don Marquis

Print publication date:
Feb 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
The three major classical accounts of the morality of abortion are all subject to at least one major problem. Can we do better? This article aims to discuss three accounts that purport to ... More

Absolute Knowledge and the Ethical Conclusion of the Phenomenology  

Dean Moyar

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Hegel wrote in The Science of Logic that the deduction of the concept of science was accomplished at the end of the Phenomenology of Spirit in ‘Absolute Knowledge.’ This chapter links the ... More

Absolutism  

Mark Goldie

Print publication date:
May 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2011
Absolutism is a nineteenth-century term designed precisely to address the mismatch between doctrine and power. The intellectual resources of absolutism were far older than the Renaissance ... More

Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), The Spiritual Medicine  

Peter Adamson

Print publication date:
Dec 2016
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter offers an overview and analysis of an important ethical work by the early thinker Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyāʾ al-Rāzī (251/865–313/925). In keeping with his main ... More

Access to Basic Reproductive Rights: Global Challenges  

Sheelagh McGuinness and Heather Widdows

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
If women are to have true equality with men, they must be able to control the number of children they have and the time of childbirth. Access to family planning services, particularly safe ... More

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