- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Prisons and Imprisonment
- List of Contributors
- The Imprisonment Boom of the Late Twentieth Century: Past, Present, and Future
- Who Goes to Prison?
- Mass Incarceration and Conditions of Confinement
- Exploring Imprisonment across Cross-National Contexts
- Theories of Mass Incarceration
- Subcultural Adaptations to Incarceration
- The Real Gangbanging Is in Prison
- Women in Prison
- Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities
- The Two Cultures: Correctional Officers and Key Differences in Institutional Climate
- Measuring and Explaining Inmate Misconduct
- Prison Riots
- Drugs and Prisons
- A General Model of Harm in Correctional Settings
- Understanding the Contours of Prison Disciplinary Procedures
- The Effects of Administrative Segregation: A Lesson in Knowledge Cumulation
- A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy
- Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings
- Principles of Effective Intervention with Incarcerated Offenders
- Employment and Vocation Programs in Prison
- Treating Sex Offenders in Prison
- The Multiple Faces of Reentry
- Implementing Prison-based Treatment Programs
- Preventing Suicide in Detention and Correctional Facilities
- Offenders with Mental Illness in Prison
- The Problem of Incarcerating Juveniles with Adults
- The Effect of Prisons on Crime
- Private Prisons in a New Environment
- Policy and Program Innovations in Prisons
- Useful versus Harmful Prison Policies
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents empirical evidence regarding the (in)effectiveness of prisons for reducing crime. The authors begin with a brief discussion of the mechanisms through which incarceration affects crime, followed by a review of research that presents empirical evidence on the relationship between prisons and crime. This section separates empirical research on the total effect of prison on crime from empirical studies intended to isolate the deterrent or incapacitation effects of prison. Death penalty studies are also reviewed for insight into whether capital punishment has any short- or long-term effects on homicide rates. The chapter concludes with a brief discussion of the policy implications that follow from the empirical research on prison effects on crime.
Sarah Tahamont PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland. Broadly, her research interests concentrate in three areas: 1) estimating the effects of criminal sanctions on individual outcomes with a particular focus on corrections, 2) examining the theoretical parameters of the criminal career paradigm in the context of a criminal justice career, and 3) research that advances criminological research methods. Her past research characterized the relationship between prison visitation and inmate outcomes and examined the patterns of criminal justice contact that precede a first prison sentence. Her current research includes projects that examine the consequences of errors introduced by matching administrative data, estimate the effect of facility security placement on institutional misconduct, and consider incarceration as a turning point in the life-course.
Aaron Chalfin PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminology at the University of Pennsylvania. He studies criminal justice policy and the economics of crime. His current research portfolio contains a mix of evaluation research and prediction projects that leverage insights from machine learning to guide the efficient allocation of scarce criminal justice resources. His past research has considered the effect of police manpower on crime, the relationship between crime and unauthorized immigration and the cost and deterrent effect of capital punishment. He is also interested in research that advances social science research methods and has written on topics such as measurement errors in observational data and cost-benefit analysis.
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