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date: 24 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Anabaptist movement emerged in multiple locations in Switzerland, Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands beginning in 1525, with multiple leaders. Adult baptism was one characteristic originally common to all Anabaptist groups. Most Anabaptists emphasized the importance of the gathered, visible church with congregational discipline, while a few prioritized inward individual spiritual experience. Most Anabaptists were pacifists, with only a few exceptions. Three groups survived into the seventeenth century: the Swiss Brethren, the Mennonites in the Netherlands and northern Germany, and the communal Hutterites in Moravia. They were pacifists and were Christocentric and Biblicist in grounding their faith and following Christ’s teachings.

Keywords: baptism, Conrad Grebel, Menno Simons, congregational discipline, pacifism, Hutterites, Münster, apocalypticism, Pilgram Marpeck, Lord’s Supper

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