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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers the function of the ancient Egyptian tomb as the interface between the world of the living and the afterlife. These worlds were perceived as counterparts, and thus the burial places of the dead were grouped into cemeteries, which reflected the hierarchy of earthly society. The tombs of kings formed an important element within specific cemeteries and were usually located at sites of political and/or religious importance. The chronological evolution of royal necropolises is traced, identifying the factors that define them in terms of their magical function and their role as components of ritual landscapes. The evolving concept of the royal necropolis is reflected in the changing form of the tombs from pyramids to rock-cut sepulchres and in their relationship with temples for the cult of the deceased king.

Keywords: tomb, cemetery, pyramid, burial, temple, ritual, afterlife

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