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date: 23 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter analyzes the history of institutional collecting of classical sculpture in the United States, with a focus on the collecting behavior of universities, art academies, galleries, libraries, and for-profit and nonprofit museums. As demonstrated, the motivations surrounding the collection of classical sculpture and casts often varied in these institutions, but the acquisition of this material offered the possibility of significant exposure to classical art and ideology for American citizenry. Toward the end of the chapter, the change from the collecting of casts to the acquisition of original artifacts in nonprofit museums is explored. Here, the chapter argues that collecting ancient objects rather than casts was often a result of changing theoretical and financial concerns that affected the conception and purpose of American museums.

Keywords: casts, Henry Frieze, University of Michigan, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, universities, libraries, nonprofit museums, for-profit museums, art academies, Italian laws, tariffs (American), connoisseurship, authenticity/originality, nationalism/national iden

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