- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration
- The Racialization of Latinos in the United States
- Race and Crime in American Politics: From Law and Order to Willie Horton and Beyond
- Race, Crime, and Public Opinion
- Racial and Ethnic Patterns in Criminality and Victimization
- Race, Crime, and Policing
- Racial Disparities in Prosecution, Sentencing, and Punishment
- Race and Drugs
- Case Study: Living the Drama—Community, Conflict, and Culture among Inner-City Boys
- Case Study: African-American Girls, Urban Inequality, and Gendered Violence
- Race, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Canada
- Ethnicities, Racism, and Crime in England and Wales
- Indigenous People and Sentencing Courts in Australia, New Zealand, and Canada
- Colonial Processes, Indigenous Peoples, and Criminal Justice Systems
- Case Study: Black Cannabis Dealers in a White Welfare State Race, Politics, and Street Capital in Norway
- Case Study: Black Homicide Victimization in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
- The Politics of Immigration and Crime
- Traffickers? Terrorists? Smugglers? Immigrants in the United States and International Crime Before World War II
- Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in the United States Crimes By and Against Immigrants
- Immigration and Crime in U.S. Communities: Charting Some Promising New Directions in Research
- Immigrants and Their Children: Evidence on Generational Differences in Crime
- Latino/Hispanic Immigration and Crime
- Case Study: Criminalizing Settlement: The Politics of Immigration in the American South
- The Law of Immigration and Crime
- Searching (With Minimal Success) for Links Between Immigration and Imprisonment
- Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in France
- The Convergence of Control: Immigration and Crime in Contemporary Japan
- Ethnicity, Migration, and Crime in the Netherlands
- Immigration, Crime, and Criminalization in Italy
- Case Study: Sentencing Violent Juvenile Offenders in Color Blind France: Does Ethnicity Matter?
- Case Study: Lost and Found Christianity, Conversion, and Gang Disaffiliation in Guatemala
- Case Study: Immigration, Social Exclusion, and Informal Economies: Muslim Immigrants in Frankfurt
Abstract and Keywords
Indigenous people are vastly overrepresented in the criminal justice systems of Australia, New Zealand, and Canada. Colonization devastated the lives of each country’s First Nations Peoples in ways that left them disproportionately disadvantaged in health, wealth, education, and employment. Socioeconomic disadvantage influences the likelihood of indigenous people coming into contact with the criminal justice system. Other factors such as institutional and systemic bias also play a part. Innovative court practices in each jurisdiction try to redress racial inequality in the criminal justice system and reduce the alarming rate at which indigenous peoples are overrepresented in custody. Quantitative reoffending analyses fail to show that these innovative justice processes have greater success in changing an offender’s behavior than do conventional court processes, but there is evidence that they are exposing indigenous offenders to more meaningful and culturally appropriate court practices.
Elena Marchetti is a Professor in the Faculty of Law, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Riley Downie is a Research Assistant and PhD student in the Faculty of Law, University of Wollongong, Australia.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.