- List of Contributors
- What Is Apocalyptic Literature?
- Apocalyptic Prophecy
- The Inheritance of Prophecy in Apocalypse
- Wisdom and Apocalypticism
- Scriptural Interpretation in Early Jewish Apocalypses
- Apocalyptic Literature and the Study of Early Jewish Mysticism
- Dreams and Visions in Early Jewish and Early Christian Apocalypses and Apocalypticism
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Apocalyptic Literature
- Jewish Apocalyptic Literature as Resistance Literature
- Apocalypse and Empire
- A Postcolonial Reading of Apocalyptic Literature
- The Rhetoric of Jewish Apocalyptic Literature
- Early Christian Apocalyptic Rhetoric
- Deconstructing Apocalyptic Literalist Allegory
- Apocalyptic Determinism
- Apocalyptic Dualism
- Apocalyptic Ethics and Behavior
- Apocalypse and Torah in Ancient Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Christian Origins
- Descents to Hell and Ascents to Heaven in Apocalyptic Literature
- Apocalypses among Gnostics and Manichaeans
- The Imagined World of the Apocalypses
- Messianism as a Political Power in Contemporary Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Radicalism
- Apocalypse and Violence
- Apocalypticism in Contemporary Christianity
- Apocalypse and Trauma
- Apocalypticism and Popular Culture
- Scriptural and Ancient Texts
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Over a period of some fifty years spanning the late first to early second century CE, four major Christian apocalypses with similar literary frameworks emerged: Revelation, the Shepherd of Hermas, the Apocalypse of Peter, and the Ascension of Isaiah. These works demonstrate significant diversity, and each narrates a visionary revelation that features guidance from a heavenly intermediary. In addition, they demonstrate the remarkable flexibility and adaptability of early Christian apocalyptic rhetoric. In apocalyptic literature, the defining interest of rhetorical interpretation is marked by purposes for which people wrote. This chapter focuses on early Christian apocalyptic rhetoric. It begins with a discussion of primary and secondary apocalyptic discourse before turning to revelation and apocalyptic authority, apocalyptic argumentation, and apocalyptic literature’s appeal to the emotions such as anxiety.
Greg Carey is Professor of New Testament at Lancaster Theological Seminary. His books include Sinners: Jesus and His Earliest Followers and Ultimate Things: An Introduction to Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic Literature.
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