- List of Contributors
- What Is Apocalyptic Literature?
- Apocalyptic Prophecy
- The Inheritance of Prophecy in Apocalypse
- Wisdom and Apocalypticism
- Scriptural Interpretation in Early Jewish Apocalypses
- Apocalyptic Literature and the Study of Early Jewish Mysticism
- Dreams and Visions in Early Jewish and Early Christian Apocalypses and Apocalypticism
- Social-Scientific Approaches to Apocalyptic Literature
- Jewish Apocalyptic Literature as Resistance Literature
- Apocalypse and Empire
- A Postcolonial Reading of Apocalyptic Literature
- The Rhetoric of Jewish Apocalyptic Literature
- Early Christian Apocalyptic Rhetoric
- Deconstructing Apocalyptic Literalist Allegory
- Apocalyptic Determinism
- Apocalyptic Dualism
- Apocalyptic Ethics and Behavior
- Apocalypse and Torah in Ancient Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Christian Origins
- Descents to Hell and Ascents to Heaven in Apocalyptic Literature
- Apocalypses among Gnostics and Manichaeans
- The Imagined World of the Apocalypses
- Messianism as a Political Power in Contemporary Judaism
- Apocalypticism and Radicalism
- Apocalypse and Violence
- Apocalypticism in Contemporary Christianity
- Apocalypse and Trauma
- Apocalypticism and Popular Culture
- Scriptural and Ancient Texts
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
Jewish apocalyptic literature combines narrative and vision and draws elements from the sacred traditions of the Jewish people, with influences from the Persian, Mesopotamian, Persian, and Greco-Roman worlds. The first extant examples of the literary genre apocalypse date back to the Hellenistic period, in which the earliest apocalypses took shape within a new imperial context and resisted it. This chapter examines Jewish apocalyptic literature as resistance literature. It considers two types of the earliest exemplars of the genre apocalypse, the heavenly journey and historical apocalypse, and their participation in discursive resistance against imperial hegemony and structures of domination. It also discusses three historical apocalypses, namely, Daniel, the Apocalypse of Weeks, and the Book of Dreams. Finally, the chapter looks at the link between resistance literature and revelation, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus’s appropriation of apocalyptic traditions, and early Jewish novels.
Anathea E. Portier-Young is Associate Professor of Old Testament at Duke Divinity School in Durham, North Carolina.
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