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date: 26 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter briefly introduces the language policies for ethnic minorities in China, especially some achievements and experiences gained in implementing these policies since the 1980s. Language planning of the Tu and Qiang people is cited as an example to illustrate the new advancements in minority language planning, and to show how phonetic scripts were created in response to these ethnic groups’ need for a writing system. The article does not evade questions but points out that in spite of the achievements China’s minority language policy has made, there exist some difficulties that await further resolution. The article concludes with the suggestion that bilingual education is well suited to the situation in China and that a harmonious multilingual society where all ethnic minority languages coexist with the common national language should be the goal to achieve.

Keywords: ethnic minority languages, language policies, ethnic minorities, language planning, multilingual

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