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date: 21 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This essay examines how police officers’ assumptions about race, place, crime, and offenders negatively impacts urban policing. It is contended that aggressive crime control efforts, such as the widespread use of stop and frisks, have the potential to erode citizen trust and increase legal cynicism—especially among urban minority males who consider themselves (often correctly) to be officers’ main targets. Finally, specific policy recommendations are offered as a means of improving urban minority citizens’ satisfaction with and confidence in the police through the procedural justice model of police legitimacy.

Keywords: citizen trust, legal cynicism, police legitimacy, procedural justice, stop and frisks, urban policing

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