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date: 19 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

At the start of the Second Sophistic, following the trend set in the Academy in the second and first centuries bce, the work of Plutarch of Chaeronea (ca. 40–120 ce) began to move Platonism away from the Academic skepticism that had been embraced in the third and second centuries bce. This general shift started the trend toward a dogmatic interpretation of Plato that was, with a few exceptions, the hallmark of Platonic instruction during the early centuries ce. After Plutarch, we have in many cases only the names of those who taught Plato during the Second Sophistic, including figures such as Ammonius, Taurus, Numenius, Atticus, and Theon of Smyrna. More rarely, we have some handbooks and introductions to Plato’s dialogues and his doctrine, primarily from such second-century ce figures as Maximus of Tyre, Apuleius, Galen, Albinus, and Alcinous.

Keywords: Plato, Platonism, Platonic handbooks, Plato’s Dialogues, academic skepticism, Pythagorean Platonism, Middle Platonism, Platonic instruction, Platonism and Christianity

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