Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents an overview and content analysis of measures of psychological acculturation (referring to the psychological consequences of prolonged exposure to another culture) and psychological multiculturalism (referring to acceptance and support of the culturally plural composition of institutions such a class or society at large) available in the public domain. This chapter’s presentation deals with the conceptual background (notably the dimensionality of the underlying conceptualization) and formal and psychometric properties of the measures, such as number of items, response anchors, and internal consistencies. A content analysis revealed that measures of acculturation tend to focus on sociocultural acculturation outcomes, followed by acculturation orientations and acculturation conditions. It is uncommon to assess the cultural context in which acculturation takes place. Multiculturalism is usually assumed to be a (conceptually) unidimensional, bipolar construct, although measures have pointed to differential endorsement across domains of multiculturalism. Multiculturalism measures target education, counseling, or society at large. Authors provide an Internet site with an overview of the measures and their characteristics; the measures can be downloaded from the site. This chapter formulates guidelines for choosing or developing measures of psychological acculturation and multiculturalism in the final section.
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