- Introducing Cognitive Linguistics
- Embodiment and Experientialism
- Construal and Perspectivization
- Entrenchment, Salience, and Basic Levels
- Polysemy, Prototypes, and Radial Categories
- Frames, Idealized Cognitive Models, and Domains
- Image Schemas
- Attention Phenomena
- Force Dynamics
- Spatial Semantics
- Mental Spaces
- Conceptual Integration
- Cognitive Grammar
- Construction Grammar
- Word Grammar
- Cognitive Linguistics and Functional Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Autonomous Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and the History of Linguistics
- Inflectional Morphology
- Nominal Classification
- Idioms and Formulaic Language
- Relational Constructions in Cognitive Linguistics
- Clause Structure and Transitivity
- Tense and Aspect
- Grammatical Voice in Cognitive Grammar
- Modality in Cognitive Linguistics
- Pronominal Anaphora
- Discourse and Text Structure
- Diachronic Linguistics
- Lexical Variation and Change
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Relativity
- Cognitive Linguistics and Anthropological Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Linguistic Typology
- Cognitive Linguistics and First Language Acquisition
- Signed Languages
- Cognitive Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
- Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Literary Studies: State of the Art in Cognitive Poetics
- Cognitive Linguistics and Cultural Studies
- Cognitive Linguistics, Ideology, and Critical Discourse Analysis
- Cognitive Linguistics and Philosophy
- Cognitive Linguistics, Psychology, and Cognitive Science
Abstract and Keywords
From the past decade on, the issue of ideology and discourse has received increasing attention from scholars working within the cognitive linguistics framework. This article examines the particular contributions and insights this theoretical perspective may yield beyond the analytic methods applied so far by critical discourse analysis scholars. It outlines the ideological dimension of metaphor, with emphasis on covert ideology in the discourse domain of economics. It also discusses the notions of “ideological deixis” and “iconographic frames of reference,” with the focus on overt ideology in political discourse. Finally, it explores grammatical means that reflect deep-rooted unconscious norms within a sociocultural group, looks at the pervasiveness of metaphor and the role of cultural models in the highly abstract domain of science, and addresses their more often than not ideological orientation, more specifically in the metalanguage of biological and linguistic discourse.
René Dirven (PhD 1971) is emeritus professor of English linguistics at the University of Duisburg, Germany. He set up the Linguistic Agency—first at the University of Trier and from 1985 at the University of Duisburg (LAUD)—organizing annual linguistic symposia and publishing linguistic preprints. As professor emeritus, he continues his research and work in international projects and organizations such as LAUD (Preprint series and symposia at the Universities of Duisburg-Essen and Koblenz-Landau), Languages in Contact and Conflict in Africa, and the International Association of Cognitive Linguists (president from 1995 to 1997). He initiated and edited the collective volume Cognitive Exploration of Language and Linguistics (1998, 2004), which offers cognitive introductions to language and linguistics and has appeared in eight European languages and Korean. He coauthored Cognitive English Grammar (with Gunter Radden, 2006). He initiated and is working on the annual expansions of two electronic bibliographies: METBIB, on metaphor, metonymy, and other figurative conceptualization (2005), and COGBIB, on Cognitive Linguistics (2006).
Frank Polzenhagen (PhD 2005) is a member of a research and dictionary project on West African English in progress at Humboldt University Berlin, where he earned his doctorate. His PhD thesis explores cultural conceptualizations in West African English. In his work, he seeks to combine the cognitive linguistic approach with concepts from anthropological linguistics and with corpus-linguistic methods and to apply this framework to the study of what has been termed 'New Englishes' in sociolinguistics. His further research interests include Critical Discourse Analysis, metaphor theory, intercultural communication, and verb morphology. Frank Polzenhagen can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hans-Georg Wolf (PhD 1994, Dr habil. 2001) is associate professor in the English Department and coordinator of the Program in Language and Communication at the University of Hong Kong. He has published a book on English in Cameroon (2001) and one on The Folk Model of the 'Internal Self' in Light of the Contemporary View of Metaphor: The Self as Subject and Object (1994). His research interests include sociolinguistics, Cognitive Linguistics, corpus linguistics, and pragmatics, and he tries to weave them into a coherent whole in his studies of cultural variation in second language varieties of English. Hans-Georg Wolf can be reached at email@example.com.
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