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date: 20 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The political history of Elam in the early first millennium BC is known principally from Assyrian sources. Assyria’s involvement in Elamite dynastic succession and Assyrian aggression against Elam, often because the latter supported Babylonian insurgents against Assyrian rule in southern Mesopotamia, are well documented. The variant spellings of Elamite royal names in Assyrian sources, combined with the appearance of multiple contenders for the Elamite throne, raise chronological and historical questions that are discussed here. Elamite sources from Susa dating to the late, pre-Achaemenid Iron Age provide important information that is absent in contemporary Assyrian and Babylonian sources.

Keywords: Elam, Assyria, Babylonia, Neo-Elamite, Susa

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