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date: 24 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Arsacid dynasty found itself, at once, confronting the Romans, and experiencing internal dynastic quarrels. This era concluded with the defeat of the reigning monarch Ardawan IV at the hands of the rebel Ardashir and the latter's conquest of Persis/Fars. The Sasanian campaign ensued on a religious note: Ardashir's father Pabag, also a priest of the fire temple of the Zoroastrian goddess Anahid, rode on the religious factor to dethrone the existing ruler and establish control over Fars. Shupur, Pabag's elder son, died under mysterious circumstances prior to his intended coronation. Ardashir's ascension to throne marked a new era in Persian history. It was during his reign that the Romans were defeated in the battle of Carrhae. Zoroastrianism steadily gained prominence only during the Sasanian era. From the accounts of Zoroastrian priest, Karter, it follows that the Sassanian state functioned in duet with the Zoroastrian order, consolidated and indoctrinated by Karter himself.

Keywords: Ardawan IV, Fars, Carrhae, Karter, Zoroastrian, Ardashir, Sasanian

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