- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime
- List of Contributors
- Organized Crime: A Contested Concept
- Theoretical Perspectives on Organized Crime
- Searching for Organized Crime in History
- How to Research Organized Crime
- The Italian Mafia
- The Italian-American Mafia
- the Russian Mafia: Rise and Extinction
- Organized Crime in Colombia: The Actors Running the Illegal Drug Industry
- Mexican Drug “Cartels”
- Chinese Organized Crime
- The Japanese Yakuza
- Nigerian Criminal Organizations
- Gangs Another Form of Organized Crime?
- Opportunistic Structures of Organized Crime
- Organizing Crime: The State as Agent
- The Social Embeddedness of Organized Crime
- Protection and Extortion
- Drug Markets and Organized Crime
- Human Smuggling, Human Trafficking, and Exploitation in the Sex Industry
- Illegal Gambling
- Money Laundering
- Arms Trafficking
- Organized Fraud
- The Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources
- Organized Crime Control in the United States of America
- U.S. Organized Crime Control Policies Exported Abroad
- European Union Organized Crime Control Policies
- The Fight Against the Italian Mafia
- Organized Crime Control in Australia and New Zealand
- Organized Crime “Control” in Asia: Experiences from India, China, and the Golden Triangle
- Finance-Oriented Strategies of Organized Crime Control
Abstract and Keywords
Cosa Nostra, the ˜Ndrangheta, and the Camorra have their headquarters in Italy. In the past 30 years, Italian policies against the Mafia have developed steadily and are now deemed a best practice all over the world. The most relevant anti-Mafia legislation was adopted as a result of homicides and attacks of criminal organizations against the state. However, in the past years, anti-mafia measures have no longer been reactions to such events. The trend is toward creating a system of anti-Mafia instruments and defining it as a distinctive subsector of security policies. This essay discusses the measures taken (those that directly address and repress criminals and their organizations, and then those that instead address the citizenry, entrepreneurs, professionals, public administration, and, only indirectly, the Mafia itself), presents the institutions involved in the fight against the Mafia, and, finally, sketches an assessment of the overall efficacy of Italian anti-mafia policies.
Antonio La Spina is presently full professor of Sociology and Public policy at the LUISS University “Guido Carli”, Rome. Former teacher at the Catholic University in Milan (Security policies and their evaluation; Sociology of law). He also taught at the universities of Messina, Macerata and Palermo. He is presently still enegaged in some European research projects concerning organized crime at the University of Palermo. At the University of Palermo he was, among other things: head of the Department of social sciences; chairman of the degree courses in Communication Sciences; director of the School of Journalism "Mario Francese". He also was Director of the targeted Project "Regulatory impact analysis", Department of Public Administration, Presidency of the Council of Ministers, Rome (2000-2001). Jean Monnet fellow at the Law Department of the European University Institute, Florence (1989/90); research fellow at the Social and Political Sciences Department, EUI, in the project “Regulating Europe” directed by G. Majone (1990/91). PhD in Sociology of Law, Università statale, Milan (1987). His recent publications include: Analisi e valutazione delle politiche pubbliche (with E. Espa), Mulino, 2011; Fondazione Rocco Chinnici, I costi dell’illegalità. Mafia ed estorsioni in Sicilia (ed.), Mulino, 2008, and Camorra ed estorsioni in Campania (ed. with G. Di Gennaro), Mulino, 2010; Le autorità indipendenti (with S. Cavatorto), Mulino, 2008; Mafia, legalità debole e sviluppo del Mezzogiorno, Mulino, 2005; La politica per il Mezzogiorno, Mulino, 2003; Lo Stato regolatore (with G. Majone), Bologna, Mulino, 2000; “Recent Anti-Mafia Strategies: The Italian Experience”, in D. Siegel e H. Nelen (eds.), Organized Crime. Cuture, Markets and Policies, Springer, 2008; “The Paradox of Effectiveness: Growth, Institutionalization and Evaluation of Anti-Mafia Policies in Italy”, in C. Fijnaut and L. Paoli (eds.) Organised Crime in Europe, Springer, 2004.
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