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date: 26 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter Barbara Pocock explores gender and employment issues. She points to long historical legacies and continuities in work and gender, despite the changes brought about by neo-liberal reforms and broader associated processes of globalization. First, women do more unpaid domestic or ‘private work’, while many perform more ‘public’ paid work. Second, even in workplaces where the overwhelming majority of workers are male or female, gender issues manifest themselves in sexualized practices or culture. Third, the nature of social reproduction affects labour market participation of both genders. Fourth, dense fabrics of gender relations within institutions construct and reconstruct hierarchies on gender lines. Finally, institutions make for persistently uneven outcomes in work and employment according to gender. The gendered fortunes of those in the North and South have become increasingly interlinked; inequality can only be dealt with through concerted global resolve and action.

Keywords: gender, private work, paid work, equity

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