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date: 18 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores some challenges that arise in respect of the regulation of human enhancement. It opens by advocating a definitional pluralism that acknowledges the existence of many concepts of human enhancement. These highlight different moral concerns about the application of genetic and cybernetic technologies to human brains and bodies. I identify one concept that is particularly effective at expressing the upsides of human enhancement. Another concept serves better to reveal enhancement’s downsides. I describe a further concept that reveals moral issues connected with great degrees of human enhancement. The chapter concludes with a discussion of attempts to regulate enhancement in elite sport. I defend the efforts of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to keep artificial means of enhancement out of sport.

Keywords: doping, enhancement, human norms, radical enhancement, therapy, World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), transhumanism

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