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date: 25 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Disability status continues to have a significant negative impact on employment outcomes, even in countries with nondiscrimination policies, and outcomes differ by gender and age. These subpar outcomes can be linked to both environmental and psychological factors. The design of jobs and workplaces often limits the ability of workers with disabilities to contribute to their fullest capacity, while stigmatization reduces employer willingness to hire workers with disabilities and make reasonable accommodations to allow them to perform effectively. Exclusion and stigmatization create barriers to the development of a positive self-identity as a person with a disability. Considerably more research is needed to understand how the actions of organizations, leaders, and teams affect the employment outcomes of workers with disabilities and how impacts differ by gender and age. But based upon extant knowledge, there are many actions employers can take to improve outcomes for this group of workers.

Keywords: identity, intersectionality, gender, age, disability, exclusion, stigmatization

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