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date: 16 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Protestant attitudes toward and teachings about time and history were shaped on a fundamental level by ongoing transformations in late-medieval and early modern temporal sensibilities. But Protestants consciously rejected a number of key medieval assumptions about time, and in some respects the Reformation movements dramatically reshaped or accelerated trends that were already underway. This essay addresses three general approaches to time: as mundane experience, as a theological concept, and as a historical and prophetic narrative. While the various branches of Protestantism by no means followed a single path in negotiating these realms, they all contributed to a uniquely early modern array of fears and hopes in the face of temporal change.

Keywords: time, history, eschatology, prophecy, apocalypticism, astrology, calendar, clocks, chronology, prediction

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